Все, что нужно знать о оральном молочнике

Содержание
  1. Обзор
  2. Симптомы молочницы полости рта
  3. Причины возникновения молочницы ротовой полости
  4. Заразна ли молочница полости рта?
  5. Диагностика молочницы полости рта
  6. Лечение оральной молочницы
  7. Домашние средства для лечения молочницы в полости рта
  8. Фотографии устных молочница
  9. Устная молочница и кормление грудью
  10. Оральная молочница у детей
  11. Оральный дрозд у взрослых
  12. Факторы риска развития молочницы в полости рта
  13. осложнения молочница полости рта
  14. Профилактика молочницы ротовой полости
  15. Оральный дрозд и диета
  16. Обзор
  17. Симптомы молочницы полости рта
  18. Причины возникновения молочницы ротовой полости
  19. Заразна ли молочница полости рта?
  20. Диагностика молочницы полости рта
  21. Лечение оральной молочницы
  22. Домашние средства для лечения молочницы в полости рта
  23. Фотографии устных молочница
  24. Устная молочница и кормление грудью
  25. Оральная молочница у детей
  26. Оральный дрозд у взрослых
  27. Факторы риска развития молочницы в полости рта
  28. осложнения молочница полости рта
  29. Профилактика молочницы ротовой полости
  30. Оральный дрозд и диета
  31. Обзор
  32. Симптомы молочницы полости рта
  33. Causes of oral thrush
  34. Is oral thrush contagious?
  35. Diagnosis of oral thrush
  36. Treatment for oral thrush
  37. Home remedies for oral thrush
  38. Pictures of oral thrush
  39. Oral thrush and breastfeeding
  40. Oral thrush in babies
  41. Oral thrush in adults
  42. Risk factors for oral thrush
  43. Complications of oral thrush
  44. Prevention of oral thrush
  45. Oral thrush and diet
  46. Overview
  47. Symptoms of oral thrush
  48. Causes of oral thrush
  49. Is oral thrush contagious?
  50. Diagnosis of oral thrush
  51. Treatment for oral thrush
  52. Home remedies for oral thrush
  53. Pictures of oral thrush
  54. Oral thrush and breastfeeding
  55. Oral thrush in babies
  56. Oral thrush in adults
  57. Risk factors for oral thrush
  58. Complications of oral thrush
  59. Prevention of oral thrush
  60. Oral thrush and diet
  61. Overview
  62. Symptoms of oral thrush
  63. Causes of oral thrush
  64. Is oral thrush contagious?
  65. Diagnosis of oral thrush
  66. Treatment for oral thrush
  67. Home remedies for oral thrush
  68. Pictures of oral thrush
  69. Oral thrush and breastfeeding
  70. Oral thrush in babies
  71. Oral thrush in adults
  72. Risk factors for oral thrush
  73. Complications of oral thrush
  74. Prevention of oral thrush
  75. Oral thrush and diet
  76. Overview
  77. Symptoms of oral thrush
  78. Causes of oral thrush
  79. Is oral thrush contagious?
  80. Diagnosis of oral thrush
  81. Treatment for oral thrush
  82. Home remedies for oral thrush
  83. Pictures of oral thrush
  84. Oral thrush and breastfeeding
  85. Oral thrush in babies
  86. Oral thrush in adults
  87. Risk factors for oral thrush
  88. Complications of oral thrush
  89. Prevention of oral thrush
  90. Oral thrush and diet
  91. Overview
  92. Symptoms of oral thrush
  93. Causes of oral thrush
  94. Is oral thrush contagious?
  95. Diagnosis of oral thrush
  96. Treatment for oral thrush
  97. Home remedies for oral thrush
  98. Pictures of oral thrush
  99. Oral thrush and breastfeeding
  100. Oral thrush in babies
  101. Oral thrush in adults
  102. Risk factors for oral thrush
  103. Complications of oral thrush
  104. Prevention of oral thrush
  105. Oral thrush and diet
  106. Overview
  107. Symptoms of oral thrush
  108. Causes of oral thrush
  109. Is oral thrush contagious?
  110. Diagnosis of oral thrush
  111. Treatment for oral thrush
  112. Home remedies for oral thrush
  113. Pictures of oral thrush
  114. Oral thrush and breastfeeding
  115. Oral thrush in babies
  116. Oral thrush in adults
  117. Risk factors for oral thrush
  118. Complications of oral thrush
  119. Prevention of oral thrush
  120. Oral thrush and diet
  121. Overview
  122. Symptoms of oral thrush
  123. Causes of oral thrush
  124. Is oral thrush contagious?
  125. Diagnosis of oral thrush
  126. Treatment for oral thrush
  127. Home remedies for oral thrush
  128. Pictures of oral thrush
  129. Oral thrush and breastfeeding
  130. Oral thrush in babies
  131. Oral thrush in adults
  132. Risk factors for oral thrush
  133. Complications of oral thrush
  134. Prevention of oral thrush
  135. Oral thrush and diet

Обзор

Устная молочница возникает, когда у вас во рту развивается дрожжевая инфекция. Он также известен как оральный кандидоз, кандидоз ротоглотки или просто молочница.

Устная молочница чаще всего встречается у младенцев и малышей. Это приводит к образованию белых или желтоватых выпуклостей на внутренних щеках и языке. Эти шишки обычно проходят после лечения.

Инфекция, как правило, легкая и редко вызывает серьезные проблемы. Но у людей с ослабленной иммунной системой он может распространяться на другие части тела и вызывать потенциально серьезные осложнения.

Симптомы молочницы полости рта

На ранних стадиях молочница полости рта может не вызвать какие-либо симптомы. Но по мере того, как инфекция усугубляется, могут развиться один или несколько из следующих симптомов:

  • белые или желтые пятна шишек на внутренних щеках, языке, миндалинах, деснах или губах
  • легкое кровотечение, если шишки поцарапаны
  • болезненность или жжение во рту
  • ощущение хлопка во рту
  • сухая потрескавшаяся кожа уголки рта
  • трудности с глотанием
  • неприятный вкус во рту
  • потеря вкуса

В в некоторых случаях оральный дрозд может повлиять на пищевод, хотя это редко. Тот же грибок, который вызывает молочницу ротовой полости, также может вызывать дрожжевые инфекции в других частях вашего тела. Узнайте больше о симптомах молочницы ротовой полости и др. Дрожжевых инфекций.

Причины возникновения молочницы ротовой полости

Устные молочницы и другие грибковые инфекции вызваны чрезмерным ростом грибка Candida albicans ( C. albicans).

Обычно небольшое количество C. albicans живет во рту, не причиняя вреда. Когда ваша иммунная система работает должным образом, полезные бактерии в вашем организме помогают контролировать C. albicans.

Но если ваша иммунная система нарушена или нарушен баланс микроорганизмов в вашем организме, грибок может расти Вы вышли из-под контроля.

У вас может развиться чрезмерный рост C. albicans, который вызывает молочницу ротовой полости, если вы принимаете определенные лекарства, которые уменьшают количество полезных микроорганизмов в вашем организме, например антибиотики.

Лечение рака, включая химиотерапию и лучевую терапию, может также повредить или убить здоровые клетки. Это делает вас более восприимчивым к оральной молочнице и другим инфекциям.

Условия, которые ослабляют вашу иммунную систему, такие как лейкемия и ВИЧ, также увеличивают риск развития оральной молочницы. Устные молочница является распространенной оппортунистической инфекцией у людей с ВИЧ.

Диабет также может способствовать возникновению молочницы. Неконтролируемый диабет ослабляет вашу иммунную систему и вызывает высокий уровень сахара в крови. Это создает благоприятные условия для роста C. albicans.

Заразна ли молочница полости рта?

Если у вас есть молочница, можно передать грибок, вызывающий это состояние, кому-то другому. если ты поцелуешь их. В некоторых случаях у этого человека может развиться молочница.

Гриб, вызывающий молочницу, также вызывает дрожжевые инфекции в других частях тела. Вы можете передать грибок из одной части вашего тела в другую часть тела другого человека.

Если у вас есть оральный дрозд, вагинальная дрожжевая инфекция или грибковая инфекция полового члена, вы можете потенциально передать грибок партнеру посредством вагинального, анального или орального секса.

Если вы беременны и у вас вагинальная дрожжевая инфекция, вы можете передать гриб ребенку во время родов.

Если у вас инфекция молочной железы или молочница, вы можете передать грибок ребенку во время кормления грудью. Ваш ребенок может также передать грибок вам, если он кормит грудью, когда у него есть молочница.

Когда C. albicans передается от одного человека к другому, это не всегда вызывает молочницу или другие виды дрожжей. инфекция.

Кроме того, поскольку C. albicans очень распространен в нашей среде, развитие дрожжевой инфекции не означает, что вы обязательно заразитесь ею от кого-то другого. Узнайте о некоторых факторах, которые могут повысить риск развития инфекции, когда кто-то передает вам этот грибок.

Диагностика молочницы полости рта

Возможно, ваш врач сможет диагностировать молочницу полости рта просто осматривая рот на предмет характерных ударов, которые он вызывает.

В некоторых случаях ваш врач может сделать биопсию пораженного участка, чтобы подтвердить диагноз. Чтобы сделать биопсию, они соскребут небольшую часть шишки с вашего рта. Затем образец будет отправлен в лабораторию для тестирования на C. albicans.

Если ваш врач подозревает, что у вас есть оральный дрозд в пищеводе, он может использовать мазок из зева или эндоскопию для подтверждения диагноза. .

Для проведения мазка из зева ваш врач использует ватный тампон, чтобы взять образец ткани из задней части вашего горла. Затем они отправляют этот образец в лабораторию для тестирования.

Для проведения эндоскопии ваш врач использует тонкую трубку со светом и прикрепленной к ней камерой. Они вводят этот ?эндоскоп? через рот в пищевод, чтобы осмотреть его. Они также могут удалить образец ткани для анализа.

Лечение оральной молочницы

Для лечения оральной молочницы ваш врач может назначить одно или несколько из следующих лекарств:

  • флуконазол (дифлюкан), пероральный противогрибковый препарат
  • клотримазол (Mycelex Troche), противогрибковый препарат, доступный в виде таблетки для рассасывания
  • нистатин (Nystop, Nyata), противогрибковое средство для полоскания рта, которое можно полоскать во рту или мазать во рту ребенка
  • итраконазол (Sporanox ), пероральное противогрибковое лекарство, которое используется для лечения людей, которые не реагируют на другие виды лечения пероральной молочницы, и людей с ВИЧ
  • амфотерицин B (AmBisome, Fungizone), лекарство это используется для лечения тяжелых случаев оральной молочницы

После того, как вы начинаете лечение, оральная молочница обычно проходит через пару недель. Но в некоторых случаях он может вернуться.

Для взрослых, у которых есть повторяющиеся случаи молочницы при неизвестной причине, их врач оценит их на предмет основных заболеваний, которые могут способствовать возникновению молочницы.

Младенцы могут иметь несколько эпизодов молочницы в течение первого года жизни.

Домашние средства для лечения молочницы в полости рта

Ваш врач также может порекомендовать домашние средства или изменения образа жизни, чтобы помочь лечите молочницу ротовой полости или не позволяйте ей вернуться.

Когда вы поправляетесь, важно соблюдать правила гигиены полости рта. Вот несколько советов:

  • Чистите зубы мягкой зубной щеткой, чтобы не поцарапать шишки, вызванные молочницей.
  • Замените зубную щетку после того, как закончите лечение молочницы. и надлежащим образом очищайте зубные протезы, если вы их носите, чтобы снизить риск повторного заражения.
  • Избегайте ополаскивателей или спреев для рта, если ваш врач не назначил их.

Некоторые домашние средства могут также помочь облегчить симптомы молочницы у взрослых.

Например, это может помочь полоскать рот одним из следующих способов:

  • соленая вода
  • раствор воды и пищевой соды
  • смесь воды и лимонного сока
  • смесь воды и яблочного уксуса

Это также может помочь съесть йогурт, содержащий полезные бактерии, или принять пробиотические добавки. Поговорите с врачом, прежде чем давать ребенку какие-либо добавки. Чтобы узнать больше об этих и других домашних средствах, нажмите здесь.

Фотографии устных
молочница

Устная молочница и кормление грудью

Тот же грибок, который вызывает молочницу полости рта, может также вызывать дрожжевые инфекции на груди и сосках.

Этот грибок может быть передан обратно и далее между матерями и детьми во время грудного вскармливания.

Если у вашего ребенка возникает молочница в полости рта, он может потенциально передать грибок вашей груди или другим участкам кожи. Если у вас молочная дрожжевая инфекция или грибковая инфекция сосков, вы можете передать грибок в рот или на кожу ребенка.

Кроме того, поскольку дрожжи могут жить на коже, не вызывая инфекции, у вашего ребенка может развиться инфекция. оральный молочница без каких-либо симптомов молочной или сосковой инфекции.

Если у вас развивается дрожжевая инфекция на груди или сосках, вы можете испытывать

  • боль в ваша грудь во время и после кормления грудью
  • зуд или ощущение жжения в сосках или вокруг них
  • белые или бледные пятна на сосках или вокруг них
  • блестящая кожа на или вокруг ваших сосков
  • шелушащаяся кожа на или вокруг ваших сосков

Если у вашего ребенка развилась оральная молочница или у вас развилась молочная или сосковая инфекция, важно пройти лечение и для вас, и для вашего ребенка. Это может помочь предотвратить цикл передачи.

Ваш лечащий врач может посоветовать вам сделать следующее:

  • Лечите вашего ребенка противогрибковым препаратом и наносите противогрибковый крем, такие как тербинафин (Ламизил) или клотримазол (Лотримин), к вашей груди. Перед тем, как кормить ребенка грудью, вытрите крем от груди, чтобы крем не попал ему в рот.
  • Стерилизуйте пустышки, зубные кольца, соски для бутылочек и любые другие предметы, которые они кладут в рот. Если вы используете молокоотсос, стерилизуйте все его части.
  • Держите соски чистыми и сухими между кормлениями. Если вы используете подушечки для кормления, избегайте тех, у которых есть пластиковый вкладыш, который может задерживать влагу и создавать благоприятные условия для роста грибка.

Ваш врач также может посоветовать вам внести изменения в образ жизни, чтобы помочь лечить или предотвращать молочницу и другие виды дрожжевой инфекции. Получить дополнительные советы по управлению риском дрожжевой инфекции во время кормления грудью.

Оральная молочница у детей

Оральная молочница чаще всего поражает детей грудного и раннего возраста. У детей может развиться оральная молочница после заражения грибком от их матерей во время беременности, родов, кормления грудью или только от дрожжей, которые естественным образом присутствуют в окружающей среде.

Если у вашего ребенка есть оральная молочница, у него может развиться те же признаки и симптомы, которые могут повлиять на других людей с этим заболеванием, в том числе:

  • белые или желтые пятна шишек на внутренних щеках, языке, миндалинах, деснах или губах
  • небольшое кровотечение, если шишки поцарапаны
  • болезненность или жжение во рту
  • сухая потрескавшаяся кожа в уголках рта

Устные Молочница у детей может также вызвать затруднения при кормлении и раздражительность или суетливость.

Если вы подозреваете, что у вашего ребенка может быть молочница, обратитесь к врачу. Если у вашего ребенка разовьется молочница, когда вы кормите его грудью, вам обоим понадобится противогрибковое лечение. Узнайте, почему это важно для поддержания здоровья вас и вашего ребенка.

Оральный дрозд у взрослых

Оральный дрозд чаще всего встречается у детей и пожилых людей, у которых, как правило, слабая иммунная система. , Но это может произойти в любом возрасте.

У молодых людей может развиться молочница, особенно если у них нарушена иммунная система. Например, у взрослых больше вероятность развития молочницы, если у них в анамнезе есть определенные медицинские условия, методы лечения или образ жизни, которые ослабляют их иммунную систему.

В остальном у здоровых взрослых оральная молочница вряд ли может вызвать серьезные проблемы Но если ваша иммунная система не работает хорошо, инфекция может распространиться на другие части вашего тела.

Факторы риска развития молочницы в полости рта

Младенцы, малыши и пожилые люди более вероятно, что у других разовьется молочница. Некоторые медицинские условия, лечение и факторы образа жизни также могут повысить риск возникновения молочницы, ослабив вашу иммунную систему или нарушив баланс микробов в вашем организме.

Например, у вас может быть повышенный риск возникновения молочницы. если у вас

  • есть состояние, которое вызывает сухость во рту
  • у вас диабет, анемия, лейкоз или ВИЧ
  • принимайте антибиотики, кортикостероиды или иммунодепрессанты лекарства
  • получают лечение от рака, такое как химиотерапия или лучевая терапия
  • курят сигареты
  • носят зубные протезы

осложнения молочница полости рта

У людей со здоровой иммунной системой молочница полости рта редко вызывает осложнения. В тяжелых случаях он может распространиться на ваш пищевод.

Если ваша иммунная система ослаблена, у вас чаще возникают осложнения от молочницы. Без надлежащего лечения грибок, вызывающий молочницу, может попасть в ваш кровоток и распространиться на сердце, мозг, глаза или другие части тела. Это известно как инвазивный или системный кандидоз.

Системный кандидоз может вызвать проблемы в органах, на которые он воздействует. Это также может вызвать потенциально опасное для жизни состояние, известное как септический шок.

Профилактика молочницы ротовой полости

Чтобы снизить риск возникновения молочницы, попробуйте следующее:

  • Соблюдайте питательную диету и придерживайтесь здорового образа жизни, чтобы поддерживать функционирование вашей иммунной системы.
  • Соблюдайте правила гигиены полости рта, чистя зубы два раза в день, пользуясь зубной нитью каждый день и посещая ваш стоматолога на регулярной основе.
  • Если у вас хроническая сухость во рту, запишитесь на прием к врачу и следуйте рекомендованному плану лечения.
  • Если у вас есть зубные протезы, удалите их, прежде чем идти ложиться спать, ежедневно чистить их и следить за тем, чтобы они подходили надлежащим образом.
  • Если у вас есть ингалятор кортикостероидов, прополощите рот или почистите зубы после его использования.
  • Если у вас есть диабет, примите меры для контроля уровня сахара в крови.

Если у вас развивается дрожжевая инфекция в другой части вашего тела, обратитесь за лечением. В некоторых случаях инфекция может распространяться из одной части вашего тела в другую.

Оральный дрозд и диета

Необходимы дополнительные исследования, чтобы узнать, как диета может влиять на ротовую дрозду.

Некоторые исследования показывают, что употребление определенных пробиотических продуктов или пробиотических добавок может помочь ограничить рост C. albicans. Тем не менее, необходимы дополнительные исследования, чтобы узнать о роли, которую пробиотики могут играть в лечении или профилактике молочницы в полости рта.

Некоторые люди считают, что ограничение или отказ от определенных продуктов также могут помочь обуздать рост C. albicans. Например, некоторые люди предполагают, что ограничение рафинированных углеводов и сахаров может помочь в лечении или профилактике молочницы и других дрожжевых инфекций.

?Диета Candida? была разработана на основе этих убеждений. Однако этой диете не хватает научной поддержки. Получите больше информации о том, что влечет за собой эта диета, и об ограниченности научных данных, подтверждающих ее.

Устные дрозды: симптомы, причины, методы лечения и многое другое
Молочница полости рта – это инфекция, вызванная грибком Candida albicans. Он также известен как оральный кандидоз, кандидоз ротоглотки или молочница. Узнайте о симптомах и факторах риска. Смотрите картинки. Откройте для себя различные процедуры и узнайте, как их предотвратить.
молочница, причины молочницы, факторы риска развития молочницы, симптомы молочницы
Все, что нужно знать о оральном молочнике

Обзор

Устная молочница возникает, когда у вас во рту развивается дрожжевая инфекция. Он также известен как оральный кандидоз, кандидоз ротоглотки или просто молочница.

Устная молочница чаще всего встречается у младенцев и малышей. Это приводит к образованию белых или желтоватых выпуклостей на внутренних щеках и языке. Эти шишки обычно проходят после лечения.

Инфекция, как правило, легкая и редко вызывает серьезные проблемы. Но у людей с ослабленной иммунной системой он может распространяться на другие части тела и вызывать потенциально серьезные осложнения.

Симптомы молочницы полости рта

На ранних стадиях молочница полости рта может не вызвать какие-либо симптомы. Но по мере того, как инфекция усугубляется, могут развиться один или несколько из следующих симптомов:

  • белые или желтые пятна шишек на внутренних щеках, языке, миндалинах, деснах или губах
  • легкое кровотечение, если шишки поцарапаны
  • болезненность или жжение во рту
  • ощущение хлопка во рту
  • сухая потрескавшаяся кожа уголки рта
  • трудности с глотанием
  • неприятный вкус во рту
  • потеря вкуса

В в некоторых случаях оральный дрозд может повлиять на пищевод, хотя это редко. Тот же грибок, который вызывает молочницу ротовой полости, также может вызывать дрожжевые инфекции в других частях вашего тела. Узнайте больше о симптомах молочницы ротовой полости и др. Дрожжевых инфекций.

Причины возникновения молочницы ротовой полости

Устные молочницы и другие грибковые инфекции вызваны чрезмерным ростом грибка Candida albicans ( C. albicans).

Обычно небольшое количество C. albicans живет во рту, не причиняя вреда. Когда ваша иммунная система работает должным образом, полезные бактерии в вашем организме помогают контролировать C. albicans.

Но если ваша иммунная система нарушена или нарушен баланс микроорганизмов в вашем организме, грибок может расти Вы вышли из-под контроля.

У вас может развиться чрезмерный рост C. albicans, который вызывает молочницу ротовой полости, если вы принимаете определенные лекарства, которые уменьшают количество полезных микроорганизмов в вашем организме, например антибиотики.

Лечение рака, включая химиотерапию и лучевую терапию, может также повредить или убить здоровые клетки. Это делает вас более восприимчивым к оральной молочнице и другим инфекциям.

Условия, которые ослабляют вашу иммунную систему, такие как лейкемия и ВИЧ, также увеличивают риск развития оральной молочницы. Устные молочница является распространенной оппортунистической инфекцией у людей с ВИЧ.

Диабет также может способствовать возникновению молочницы. Неконтролируемый диабет ослабляет вашу иммунную систему и вызывает высокий уровень сахара в крови. Это создает благоприятные условия для роста C. albicans.

Заразна ли молочница полости рта?

Если у вас есть молочница, можно передать грибок, вызывающий это состояние, кому-то другому. если ты поцелуешь их. В некоторых случаях у этого человека может развиться молочница.

Гриб, вызывающий молочницу, также вызывает дрожжевые инфекции в других частях тела. Вы можете передать грибок из одной части вашего тела в другую часть тела другого человека.

Если у вас есть оральный дрозд, вагинальная дрожжевая инфекция или грибковая инфекция полового члена, вы можете потенциально передать грибок партнеру посредством вагинального, анального или орального секса.

Если вы беременны и у вас вагинальная дрожжевая инфекция, вы можете передать гриб ребенку во время родов.

Если у вас инфекция молочной железы или молочница, вы можете передать грибок ребенку во время кормления грудью. Ваш ребенок может также передать грибок вам, если он кормит грудью, когда у него есть молочница.

Когда C. albicans передается от одного человека к другому, это не всегда вызывает молочницу или другие виды дрожжей. инфекция.

Кроме того, поскольку C. albicans очень распространен в нашей среде, развитие дрожжевой инфекции не означает, что вы обязательно заразитесь ею от кого-то другого. Узнайте о некоторых факторах, которые могут повысить риск развития инфекции, когда кто-то передает вам этот грибок.

Диагностика молочницы полости рта

Возможно, ваш врач сможет диагностировать молочницу полости рта просто осматривая рот на предмет характерных ударов, которые он вызывает.

В некоторых случаях ваш врач может сделать биопсию пораженного участка, чтобы подтвердить диагноз. Чтобы сделать биопсию, они соскребут небольшую часть шишки с вашего рта. Затем образец будет отправлен в лабораторию для тестирования на C. albicans.

Если ваш врач подозревает, что у вас есть оральный дрозд в пищеводе, он может использовать мазок из зева или эндоскопию для подтверждения диагноза. .

Для проведения мазка из зева ваш врач использует ватный тампон, чтобы взять образец ткани из задней части вашего горла. Затем они отправляют этот образец в лабораторию для тестирования.

Для проведения эндоскопии ваш врач использует тонкую трубку со светом и прикрепленной к ней камерой. Они вводят этот ?эндоскоп? через рот в пищевод, чтобы осмотреть его. Они также могут удалить образец ткани для анализа.

Лечение оральной молочницы

Для лечения оральной молочницы ваш врач может назначить одно или несколько из следующих лекарств:

  • флуконазол (дифлюкан), пероральный противогрибковый препарат
  • клотримазол (Mycelex Troche), противогрибковый препарат, доступный в виде таблетки для рассасывания
  • нистатин (Nystop, Nyata), противогрибковое средство для полоскания рта, которое можно полоскать во рту или мазать во рту ребенка
  • итраконазол (Sporanox ), пероральное противогрибковое лекарство, которое используется для лечения людей, которые не реагируют на другие виды лечения пероральной молочницы, и людей с ВИЧ
  • амфотерицин B (AmBisome, Fungizone), лекарство это используется для лечения тяжелых случаев оральной молочницы

После того, как вы начинаете лечение, оральная молочница обычно проходит через пару недель. Но в некоторых случаях он может вернуться.

Для взрослых, у которых есть повторяющиеся случаи молочницы при неизвестной причине, их врач оценит их на предмет основных заболеваний, которые могут способствовать возникновению молочницы.

Младенцы могут иметь несколько эпизодов молочницы в течение первого года жизни.

Домашние средства для лечения молочницы в полости рта

Ваш врач также может порекомендовать домашние средства или изменения образа жизни, чтобы помочь лечите молочницу ротовой полости или не позволяйте ей вернуться.

Когда вы поправляетесь, важно соблюдать правила гигиены полости рта. Вот несколько советов:

  • Чистите зубы мягкой зубной щеткой, чтобы не поцарапать шишки, вызванные молочницей.
  • Замените зубную щетку после того, как закончите лечение молочницы. и надлежащим образом очищайте зубные протезы, если вы их носите, чтобы снизить риск повторного заражения.
  • Избегайте ополаскивателей или спреев для рта, если ваш врач не назначил их.

Некоторые домашние средства могут также помочь облегчить симптомы молочницы у взрослых.

Например, это может помочь полоскать рот одним из следующих способов:

  • соленая вода
  • раствор воды и пищевой соды
  • смесь воды и лимонного сока
  • смесь воды и яблочного уксуса

Это также может помочь съесть йогурт, содержащий полезные бактерии, или принять пробиотические добавки. Поговорите с врачом, прежде чем давать ребенку какие-либо добавки. Чтобы узнать больше об этих и других домашних средствах, нажмите здесь.

Фотографии устных
молочница

Устная молочница и кормление грудью

Тот же грибок, который вызывает молочницу полости рта, может также вызывать дрожжевые инфекции на груди и сосках.

Этот грибок может быть передан обратно и далее между матерями и детьми во время грудного вскармливания.

Если у вашего ребенка возникает молочница в полости рта, он может потенциально передать грибок вашей груди или другим участкам кожи. Если у вас молочная дрожжевая инфекция или грибковая инфекция сосков, вы можете передать грибок в рот или на кожу ребенка.

Кроме того, поскольку дрожжи могут жить на коже, не вызывая инфекции, у вашего ребенка может развиться инфекция. оральный молочница без каких-либо симптомов молочной или сосковой инфекции.

Если у вас развивается дрожжевая инфекция на груди или сосках, вы можете испытывать

  • боль в ваша грудь во время и после кормления грудью
  • зуд или ощущение жжения в сосках или вокруг них
  • белые или бледные пятна на сосках или вокруг них
  • блестящая кожа на или вокруг ваших сосков
  • шелушащаяся кожа на или вокруг ваших сосков

Если у вашего ребенка развилась оральная молочница или у вас развилась молочная или сосковая инфекция, важно пройти лечение и для вас, и для вашего ребенка. Это может помочь предотвратить цикл передачи.

Ваш лечащий врач может посоветовать вам сделать следующее:

  • Лечите вашего ребенка противогрибковым препаратом и наносите противогрибковый крем, такие как тербинафин (Ламизил) или клотримазол (Лотримин), к вашей груди. Перед тем, как кормить ребенка грудью, вытрите крем от груди, чтобы крем не попал ему в рот.
  • Стерилизуйте пустышки, зубные кольца, соски для бутылочек и любые другие предметы, которые они кладут в рот. Если вы используете молокоотсос, стерилизуйте все его части.
  • Держите соски чистыми и сухими между кормлениями. Если вы используете подушечки для кормления, избегайте тех, у которых есть пластиковый вкладыш, который может задерживать влагу и создавать благоприятные условия для роста грибка.

Ваш врач также может посоветовать вам внести изменения в образ жизни, чтобы помочь лечить или предотвращать молочницу и другие виды дрожжевой инфекции. Получить дополнительные советы по управлению риском дрожжевой инфекции во время кормления грудью.

Оральная молочница у детей

Оральная молочница чаще всего поражает детей грудного и раннего возраста. У детей может развиться оральная молочница после заражения грибком от их матерей во время беременности, родов, кормления грудью или только от дрожжей, которые естественным образом присутствуют в окружающей среде.

Если у вашего ребенка есть оральная молочница, у него может развиться те же признаки и симптомы, которые могут повлиять на других людей с этим заболеванием, в том числе:

  • белые или желтые пятна шишек на внутренних щеках, языке, миндалинах, деснах или губах
  • небольшое кровотечение, если шишки поцарапаны
  • болезненность или жжение во рту
  • сухая потрескавшаяся кожа в уголках рта

Устные Молочница у детей может также вызвать затруднения при кормлении и раздражительность или суетливость.

Если вы подозреваете, что у вашего ребенка может быть молочница, обратитесь к врачу. Если у вашего ребенка разовьется молочница, когда вы кормите его грудью, вам обоим понадобится противогрибковое лечение. Узнайте, почему это важно для поддержания здоровья вас и вашего ребенка.

Оральный дрозд у взрослых

Оральный дрозд чаще всего встречается у детей и пожилых людей, у которых, как правило, слабая иммунная система. , Но это может произойти в любом возрасте.

У молодых людей может развиться молочница, особенно если у них нарушена иммунная система. Например, у взрослых больше вероятность развития молочницы, если у них в анамнезе есть определенные медицинские условия, методы лечения или образ жизни, которые ослабляют их иммунную систему.

В остальном у здоровых взрослых оральная молочница вряд ли может вызвать серьезные проблемы Но если ваша иммунная система не работает хорошо, инфекция может распространиться на другие части вашего тела.

Факторы риска развития молочницы в полости рта

Младенцы, малыши и пожилые люди более вероятно, что у других разовьется молочница. Некоторые медицинские условия, лечение и факторы образа жизни также могут повысить риск возникновения молочницы, ослабив вашу иммунную систему или нарушив баланс микробов в вашем организме.

Например, у вас может быть повышенный риск возникновения молочницы. если у вас

  • есть состояние, которое вызывает сухость во рту
  • у вас диабет, анемия, лейкоз или ВИЧ
  • принимайте антибиотики, кортикостероиды или иммунодепрессанты лекарства
  • получают лечение от рака, такое как химиотерапия или лучевая терапия
  • курят сигареты
  • носят зубные протезы

осложнения молочница полости рта

У людей со здоровой иммунной системой молочница полости рта редко вызывает осложнения. В тяжелых случаях он может распространиться на ваш пищевод.

Если ваша иммунная система ослаблена, у вас чаще возникают осложнения от молочницы. Без надлежащего лечения грибок, вызывающий молочницу, может попасть в ваш кровоток и распространиться на сердце, мозг, глаза или другие части тела. Это известно как инвазивный или системный кандидоз.

Системный кандидоз может вызвать проблемы в органах, на которые он воздействует. Это также может вызвать потенциально опасное для жизни состояние, известное как септический шок.

Профилактика молочницы ротовой полости

Чтобы снизить риск возникновения молочницы, попробуйте следующее:

  • Соблюдайте питательную диету и придерживайтесь здорового образа жизни, чтобы поддерживать функционирование вашей иммунной системы.
  • Соблюдайте правила гигиены полости рта, чистя зубы два раза в день, пользуясь зубной нитью каждый день и посещая ваш стоматолога на регулярной основе.
  • Если у вас хроническая сухость во рту, запишитесь на прием к врачу и следуйте рекомендованному плану лечения.
  • Если у вас есть зубные протезы, удалите их, прежде чем идти ложиться спать, ежедневно чистить их и следить за тем, чтобы они подходили надлежащим образом.
  • Если у вас есть ингалятор кортикостероидов, прополощите рот или почистите зубы после его использования.
  • Если у вас есть диабет, примите меры для контроля уровня сахара в крови.

Если у вас развивается дрожжевая инфекция в другой части вашего тела, обратитесь за лечением. В некоторых случаях инфекция может распространяться из одной части вашего тела в другую.

Оральный дрозд и диета

Необходимы дополнительные исследования, чтобы узнать, как диета может влиять на ротовую дрозду.

Некоторые исследования показывают, что употребление определенных пробиотических продуктов или пробиотических добавок может помочь ограничить рост C. albicans. Тем не менее, необходимы дополнительные исследования, чтобы узнать о роли, которую пробиотики могут играть в лечении или профилактике молочницы в полости рта.

Некоторые люди считают, что ограничение или отказ от определенных продуктов также могут помочь обуздать рост C. albicans. Например, некоторые люди предполагают, что ограничение рафинированных углеводов и сахаров может помочь в лечении или профилактике молочницы и других дрожжевых инфекций.

?Диета Candida? была разработана на основе этих убеждений. Однако этой диете не хватает научной поддержки. Получите больше информации о том, что влечет за собой эта диета, и об ограниченности научных данных, подтверждающих ее.

Устные дрозды: симптомы, причины, методы лечения и многое другое
Молочница полости рта – это инфекция, вызванная грибком Candida albicans. Он также известен как оральный кандидоз, кандидоз ротоглотки или молочница. Узнайте о симптомах и факторах риска. Смотрите картинки. Откройте для себя различные процедуры и узнайте, как их предотвратить.
молочница, причины молочницы, факторы риска развития молочницы, симптомы молочницы
Все, что нужно знать о оральном молочнике

Обзор

Устная молочница возникает, когда у вас во рту развивается дрожжевая инфекция. Он также известен как оральный кандидоз, кандидоз ротоглотки или просто молочница.

Устная молочница чаще всего встречается у младенцев и малышей. Это приводит к образованию белых или желтоватых выпуклостей на внутренних щеках и языке. Эти шишки обычно проходят после лечения.

Инфекция, как правило, легкая и редко вызывает серьезные проблемы. Но у людей с ослабленной иммунной системой он может распространяться на другие части тела и вызывать потенциально серьезные осложнения.

Симптомы молочницы полости рта

На ранних стадиях молочница полости рта может не вызвать какие-либо симптомы. But as the infection gets worse, one or more of the following symptoms may develop:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on your inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in your mouth
  • a cotton-like sensation in your mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of your mouth
  • difficulty swallowing
  • a bad taste in your mouth
  • a loss of taste

In some cases, oral thrush can affect your esophagus, though this is uncommon. The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections in other parts of your body. Learn more about the symptoms of oral thrush and other types of yeast infections.

Causes of oral thrush

Oral thrush and other yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans (C. albicans).

It?s normal for a small amount of C. albicans to live in your mouth, without causing harm. When your immune system is working properly, beneficial bacteria in your body help keep C. albicans under control.

But if your immune system is compromised or the balance of microorganisms in your body is disrupted, the fungus can grow out of control.

You may develop an overgrowth of C. albicans that causes oral thrush if you take certain medications that reduce the number of friendly microorganisms in your body, such as antibiotics.

Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also damage or kill healthy cells. This makes you more susceptible to oral thrush and other infections.

Conditions that weaken your immune system, such as leukemia and HIV, also increase the risk of developing oral thrush. Oral thrush is a common opportunistic infection in people with HIV.

Diabetes can contribute to oral thrush as well. Uncontrolled diabetes weakens your immune system and causes high blood sugar levels. This creates favorable conditions for C. albicans to grow.

Is oral thrush contagious?

If you have oral thrush, it?s possible to pass the fungus that causes this condition on to someone else if you kiss them. In some cases, that person might develop oral thrush.

The fungus that causes oral thrush also causes yeast infections in other body parts. It?s possible for you to pass the fungus from one part of your body to another part of someone else?s body.

If you have oral thrush, a vaginal yeast infection, or a penile yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your partner through vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex.

If you?re pregnant and you have a vaginal yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby during delivery.

If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can pass the fungus to your baby while breastfeeding. Your baby can also transmit the fungus to you if they breastfeed when they have oral thrush.

When C. albicans is passed from one person to another, it doesn?t always cause oral thrush or other types of yeast infection.

Also, because C. albicans is so common in our environment, developing a yeast infection does not mean you necessarily caught it from someone else. Learn about some of the factors that can raise your risk of developing an infection when someone passes this fungus to you.

Diagnosis of oral thrush

Your doctor may be able to diagnose oral thrush simply by examining your mouth for the characteristic bumps that it causes.

In some cases, your doctor may take a biopsy of the affected area to confirm the diagnosis. To perform a biopsy, they will scrape off a small portion of a bump from your mouth. The sample will then be sent to a laboratory to be tested for C. albicans.

If your doctor suspects that you have oral thrush in your esophagus, they may use a throat swab culture or endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis.

To perform a throat swab culture, your doctor uses a cotton swab to take a tissue sample from the back of your throat. They then send this sample to a laboratory for testing.

To perform endoscopy, your doctor uses a thin tube with a light and camera attached to it. They insert this ?endoscope? through your mouth and into your esophagus to examine it. They may also remove a sample of tissue for analysis.

Treatment for oral thrush

To treat oral thrush, your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medications:

  • fluconazole (Diflucan), an oral antifungal medication
  • clotrimazole (Mycelex Troche), an antifungal medication that?s available as a lozenge
  • nystatin (Nystop, Nyata), an antifungal mouthwash that you can swish in your mouth or swab in your baby?s mouth
  • itraconazole (Sporanox), an oral antifungal medication that?s used to treat people who don?t respond to other treatments for oral thrush and people with HIV
  • amphotericin B (AmBisome, Fungizone), a medication that?s used to treat severe cases of oral thrush

Once you begin treatment, oral thrush usually goes away within a couple of weeks. But in some cases, it can return.

For adults who have recurring cases of oral thrush with no known cause, their healthcare provider will evaluate them for underlying medical conditions that might be contributing to thrush.

Infants may have several episodes of oral thrush in their first year of life.

Home remedies for oral thrush

Your doctor might also recommend home remedies or lifestyle changes to help treat oral thrush or stop it from coming back.

When you?re recovering, it?s important to practice good oral hygiene. Here are a few tips:

  • Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the bumps caused by thrush.
  • Replace your toothbrush after you finish your treatment for oral thrush, and properly clean your dentures if you wear them, in order to lower your risk of reinfection.
  • Avoid mouthwashes or mouth sprays, unless your doctor has prescribed them.

Some home remedies may also help relieve symptoms of thrush in adults.

For example, it might help to rinse your mouth with one of the following:

  • saltwater
  • a solution of water and baking soda
  • a mixture of water and lemon juice
  • a mixture of water and apple cider vinegar

It might also help to eat yogurt that contains beneficial bacteria or take a probiotic supplement. Talk to a doctor before giving an infant any supplements. To learn more about these home remedies and others, click here.

Pictures of oral
thrush

Oral thrush and breastfeeding

The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections on your breasts and nipples.

This fungus can be passed back and forth between mothers and babies during breastfeeding.

If your baby has oral thrush, they can potentially pass the fungus to your breasts or other areas of skin. If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby?s mouth or skin.

Also, because yeast can live on the skin without causing an infection, your baby can develop oral thrush without you having any symptoms of a breast or nipple yeast infection.

If you develop a yeast infection on your breasts or nipples, you may experience:

  • pain in your breasts, during and after breastfeeding
  • itchiness or a burning sensation in or around your nipples
  • white or pale spots on or around your nipples
  • shiny skin on or around your nipples
  • flaking skin on or around your nipples

If your baby develops oral thrush or you develop a breast or nipple yeast infection, it?s important to get treatment for both you and your baby. This can help prevent a cycle of transmission.

Your healthcare provider may advise you to do the following:

  • Treat your baby with an antifungal medication and apply an antifungal cream, such as terbinafine (Lamisil) or clotrimazole (Lotrimin), to your breasts. Wipe the cream off your breasts before breastfeeding your baby to stop the cream from getting in their mouth.
  • Sterilize your baby?s pacifiers, teething rings, bottle nipples, and any other items they put in their mouth. If you use a breast pump, sterilize all of its pieces as well.
  • Keep your nipples clean and dry between feedings. If you use nursing pads, avoid those that have a plastic liner, which may trap moisture and create favorable conditions for fungus to grow.

Your doctor might also advise you to make lifestyle changes to help treat or prevent oral thrush and other types of yeast infection. Get more tips for managing the risk of yeast infection while breastfeeding.

Oral thrush in babies

Oral thrush most often affects infants and toddlers. Babies can potentially develop oral thrush after contracting the fungus from their mothers during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding or just from yeast that is naturally present in their environment.

If your baby has oral thrush, they may develop the same signs and symptoms that can affect other people with the condition, including:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on their inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in their mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of their mouth

Oral thrush in babies may also cause difficulty feeding and irritability or fussiness.

If you suspect that your baby might have oral thrush, make an appointment with their doctor. If your baby develops oral thrush while you?re breastfeeding them, both of you will need antifungal treatments. Find out why this is important for keeping you and your baby healthy.

Oral thrush in adults

Oral thrush is most common in babies and older adults, who tend to have weaker immune systems. But it can occur at any age.

Younger adults can develop oral thrush, especially if they have an impaired immune system. For example, adults are more likely to develop thrush if they have a history of certain medical conditions, medical treatments, or lifestyle habits that weaken their immune system.

In otherwise healthy adults, oral thrush is unlikely to cause serious problems. But if your immune system isn?t working well, the infection may spread to other parts of your body.

Risk factors for oral thrush

Babies, toddlers, and older adults are more likely than others to develop oral thrush. Certain medical conditions, medical treatments, and lifestyle factors can also increase your risk of thrush by weakening your immune system or disrupting the balance of microbes in your body.

For example, you may be at heightened risk of thrush if you:

  • have a condition that causes dry mouth
  • have diabetes, anemia, leukemia, or HIV
  • take antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressant drugs
  • receive treatments for cancer, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • smoke cigarettes
  • wear dentures

Complications of oral thrush

In people with healthy immune systems, oral thrush rarely causes complications. In severe cases, it may spread to your esophagus.

If your immune system is weakened, you?re more likely to develop complications from thrush. Without proper treatment, the fungus that causes thrush may enter your bloodstream and spread to your heart, brain, eyes, or other body parts. This is known as invasive or systemic candidiasis.

Systemic candidiasis can cause problems in the organs it affects. It can also cause a potentially life-threatening condition known as septic shock.

Prevention of oral thrush

To reduce your risk of oral thrush, try the following:

  • Eat a nutritious diet and practice an overall healthy lifestyle to support the functioning of your immune system.
  • Practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing every day, and visiting your dentist on a regular basis.
  • If your mouth is chronically dry, make an appointment with your doctor and follow their recommended treatment plan.
  • If you have dentures, remove them before you go to bed, clean them daily, and make sure they fit properly.
  • If you have a corticosteroid inhaler, rinse out your mouth or brush your teeth after using it.
  • If you have diabetes, take steps to manage your blood sugar levels.

If you develop a yeast infection in another part of your body, get treatment. In some cases, an infection can spread from one part of your body to another.

Oral thrush and diet

More research is needed to learn how diet may affect oral thrush.

Some studies suggest that eating certain probiotic foods or taking probiotic supplements might help limit the growth of C. albicans. However, more research is needed to learn about the role that probiotics might play in treating or preventing oral thrush.

Some people believe that limiting or avoiding certain foods may also help curb the growth of C. albicans. For example, some people have suggested that limiting refined carbohydrates and sugars can help treat or prevent oral thrush and other yeast infections.

The ?candida diet? has been developed based on these beliefs. However, this diet lacks scientific support. Get more information about what this diet entails and the limits of the scientific evidence supporting it.

Oral Thrush: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and More
Oral thrush is an infection caused by the Candida albicans fungus. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or thrush. Learn about symptoms and risk factors. See pictures. Discover a variety of treatments, and find out how to prevent it.
oral thrush, oral thrush causes, oral thrush risk factors, oral thrush symptoms
Everything You Need to Know About Oral Thrush

Overview

Oral thrush happens when a yeast infection develops inside your mouth. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or simply thrush.

Oral thrush most often occurs in infants and toddlers. It causes white or yellowish bumps to form on the inner cheeks and tongue. Those bumps usually go away with treatment.

The infection is typically mild and rarely causes serious problems. But in people with weakened immune systems, it can spread to other parts of the body and cause potentially serious complications.

Symptoms of oral thrush

In its early stages, oral thrush may not cause any symptoms. But as the infection gets worse, one or more of the following symptoms may develop:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on your inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in your mouth
  • a cotton-like sensation in your mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of your mouth
  • difficulty swallowing
  • a bad taste in your mouth
  • a loss of taste

In some cases, oral thrush can affect your esophagus, though this is uncommon. The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections in other parts of your body. Learn more about the symptoms of oral thrush and other types of yeast infections.

Causes of oral thrush

Oral thrush and other yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans (C. albicans).

It?s normal for a small amount of C. albicans to live in your mouth, without causing harm. When your immune system is working properly, beneficial bacteria in your body help keep C. albicans under control.

But if your immune system is compromised or the balance of microorganisms in your body is disrupted, the fungus can grow out of control.

You may develop an overgrowth of C. albicans that causes oral thrush if you take certain medications that reduce the number of friendly microorganisms in your body, such as antibiotics.

Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also damage or kill healthy cells. This makes you more susceptible to oral thrush and other infections.

Conditions that weaken your immune system, such as leukemia and HIV, also increase the risk of developing oral thrush. Oral thrush is a common opportunistic infection in people with HIV.

Diabetes can contribute to oral thrush as well. Uncontrolled diabetes weakens your immune system and causes high blood sugar levels. This creates favorable conditions for C. albicans to grow.

Is oral thrush contagious?

If you have oral thrush, it?s possible to pass the fungus that causes this condition on to someone else if you kiss them. In some cases, that person might develop oral thrush.

The fungus that causes oral thrush also causes yeast infections in other body parts. It?s possible for you to pass the fungus from one part of your body to another part of someone else?s body.

If you have oral thrush, a vaginal yeast infection, or a penile yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your partner through vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex.

If you?re pregnant and you have a vaginal yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby during delivery.

If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can pass the fungus to your baby while breastfeeding. Your baby can also transmit the fungus to you if they breastfeed when they have oral thrush.

When C. albicans is passed from one person to another, it doesn?t always cause oral thrush or other types of yeast infection.

Also, because C. albicans is so common in our environment, developing a yeast infection does not mean you necessarily caught it from someone else. Learn about some of the factors that can raise your risk of developing an infection when someone passes this fungus to you.

Diagnosis of oral thrush

Your doctor may be able to diagnose oral thrush simply by examining your mouth for the characteristic bumps that it causes.

In some cases, your doctor may take a biopsy of the affected area to confirm the diagnosis. To perform a biopsy, they will scrape off a small portion of a bump from your mouth. The sample will then be sent to a laboratory to be tested for C. albicans.

If your doctor suspects that you have oral thrush in your esophagus, they may use a throat swab culture or endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis.

To perform a throat swab culture, your doctor uses a cotton swab to take a tissue sample from the back of your throat. They then send this sample to a laboratory for testing.

To perform endoscopy, your doctor uses a thin tube with a light and camera attached to it. They insert this ?endoscope? through your mouth and into your esophagus to examine it. They may also remove a sample of tissue for analysis.

Treatment for oral thrush

To treat oral thrush, your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medications:

  • fluconazole (Diflucan), an oral antifungal medication
  • clotrimazole (Mycelex Troche), an antifungal medication that?s available as a lozenge
  • nystatin (Nystop, Nyata), an antifungal mouthwash that you can swish in your mouth or swab in your baby?s mouth
  • itraconazole (Sporanox), an oral antifungal medication that?s used to treat people who don?t respond to other treatments for oral thrush and people with HIV
  • amphotericin B (AmBisome, Fungizone), a medication that?s used to treat severe cases of oral thrush

Once you begin treatment, oral thrush usually goes away within a couple of weeks. But in some cases, it can return.

For adults who have recurring cases of oral thrush with no known cause, their healthcare provider will evaluate them for underlying medical conditions that might be contributing to thrush.

Infants may have several episodes of oral thrush in their first year of life.

Home remedies for oral thrush

Your doctor might also recommend home remedies or lifestyle changes to help treat oral thrush or stop it from coming back.

When you?re recovering, it?s important to practice good oral hygiene. Here are a few tips:

  • Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the bumps caused by thrush.
  • Replace your toothbrush after you finish your treatment for oral thrush, and properly clean your dentures if you wear them, in order to lower your risk of reinfection.
  • Avoid mouthwashes or mouth sprays, unless your doctor has prescribed them.

Some home remedies may also help relieve symptoms of thrush in adults.

For example, it might help to rinse your mouth with one of the following:

  • saltwater
  • a solution of water and baking soda
  • a mixture of water and lemon juice
  • a mixture of water and apple cider vinegar

It might also help to eat yogurt that contains beneficial bacteria or take a probiotic supplement. Talk to a doctor before giving an infant any supplements. To learn more about these home remedies and others, click here.

Pictures of oral
thrush

Oral thrush and breastfeeding

The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections on your breasts and nipples.

This fungus can be passed back and forth between mothers and babies during breastfeeding.

If your baby has oral thrush, they can potentially pass the fungus to your breasts or other areas of skin. If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby?s mouth or skin.

Also, because yeast can live on the skin without causing an infection, your baby can develop oral thrush without you having any symptoms of a breast or nipple yeast infection.

If you develop a yeast infection on your breasts or nipples, you may experience:

  • pain in your breasts, during and after breastfeeding
  • itchiness or a burning sensation in or around your nipples
  • white or pale spots on or around your nipples
  • shiny skin on or around your nipples
  • flaking skin on or around your nipples

If your baby develops oral thrush or you develop a breast or nipple yeast infection, it?s important to get treatment for both you and your baby. This can help prevent a cycle of transmission.

Your healthcare provider may advise you to do the following:

  • Treat your baby with an antifungal medication and apply an antifungal cream, such as terbinafine (Lamisil) or clotrimazole (Lotrimin), to your breasts. Wipe the cream off your breasts before breastfeeding your baby to stop the cream from getting in their mouth.
  • Sterilize your baby?s pacifiers, teething rings, bottle nipples, and any other items they put in their mouth. If you use a breast pump, sterilize all of its pieces as well.
  • Keep your nipples clean and dry between feedings. If you use nursing pads, avoid those that have a plastic liner, which may trap moisture and create favorable conditions for fungus to grow.

Your doctor might also advise you to make lifestyle changes to help treat or prevent oral thrush and other types of yeast infection. Get more tips for managing the risk of yeast infection while breastfeeding.

Oral thrush in babies

Oral thrush most often affects infants and toddlers. Babies can potentially develop oral thrush after contracting the fungus from their mothers during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding or just from yeast that is naturally present in their environment.

If your baby has oral thrush, they may develop the same signs and symptoms that can affect other people with the condition, including:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on their inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in their mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of their mouth

Oral thrush in babies may also cause difficulty feeding and irritability or fussiness.

If you suspect that your baby might have oral thrush, make an appointment with their doctor. If your baby develops oral thrush while you?re breastfeeding them, both of you will need antifungal treatments. Find out why this is important for keeping you and your baby healthy.

Oral thrush in adults

Oral thrush is most common in babies and older adults, who tend to have weaker immune systems. But it can occur at any age.

Younger adults can develop oral thrush, especially if they have an impaired immune system. For example, adults are more likely to develop thrush if they have a history of certain medical conditions, medical treatments, or lifestyle habits that weaken their immune system.

In otherwise healthy adults, oral thrush is unlikely to cause serious problems. But if your immune system isn?t working well, the infection may spread to other parts of your body.

Risk factors for oral thrush

Babies, toddlers, and older adults are more likely than others to develop oral thrush. Certain medical conditions, medical treatments, and lifestyle factors can also increase your risk of thrush by weakening your immune system or disrupting the balance of microbes in your body.

For example, you may be at heightened risk of thrush if you:

  • have a condition that causes dry mouth
  • have diabetes, anemia, leukemia, or HIV
  • take antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressant drugs
  • receive treatments for cancer, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • smoke cigarettes
  • wear dentures

Complications of oral thrush

In people with healthy immune systems, oral thrush rarely causes complications. In severe cases, it may spread to your esophagus.

If your immune system is weakened, you?re more likely to develop complications from thrush. Without proper treatment, the fungus that causes thrush may enter your bloodstream and spread to your heart, brain, eyes, or other body parts. This is known as invasive or systemic candidiasis.

Systemic candidiasis can cause problems in the organs it affects. It can also cause a potentially life-threatening condition known as septic shock.

Prevention of oral thrush

To reduce your risk of oral thrush, try the following:

  • Eat a nutritious diet and practice an overall healthy lifestyle to support the functioning of your immune system.
  • Practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing every day, and visiting your dentist on a regular basis.
  • If your mouth is chronically dry, make an appointment with your doctor and follow their recommended treatment plan.
  • If you have dentures, remove them before you go to bed, clean them daily, and make sure they fit properly.
  • If you have a corticosteroid inhaler, rinse out your mouth or brush your teeth after using it.
  • If you have diabetes, take steps to manage your blood sugar levels.

If you develop a yeast infection in another part of your body, get treatment. In some cases, an infection can spread from one part of your body to another.

Oral thrush and diet

More research is needed to learn how diet may affect oral thrush.

Some studies suggest that eating certain probiotic foods or taking probiotic supplements might help limit the growth of C. albicans. However, more research is needed to learn about the role that probiotics might play in treating or preventing oral thrush.

Some people believe that limiting or avoiding certain foods may also help curb the growth of C. albicans. For example, some people have suggested that limiting refined carbohydrates and sugars can help treat or prevent oral thrush and other yeast infections.

The ?candida diet? has been developed based on these beliefs. However, this diet lacks scientific support. Get more information about what this diet entails and the limits of the scientific evidence supporting it.

Oral Thrush: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and More
Oral thrush is an infection caused by the Candida albicans fungus. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or thrush. Learn about symptoms and risk factors. See pictures. Discover a variety of treatments, and find out how to prevent it.
oral thrush, oral thrush causes, oral thrush risk factors, oral thrush symptoms
Everything You Need to Know About Oral Thrush

Overview

Oral thrush happens when a yeast infection develops inside your mouth. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or simply thrush.

Oral thrush most often occurs in infants and toddlers. It causes white or yellowish bumps to form on the inner cheeks and tongue. Those bumps usually go away with treatment.

The infection is typically mild and rarely causes serious problems. But in people with weakened immune systems, it can spread to other parts of the body and cause potentially serious complications.

Symptoms of oral thrush

In its early stages, oral thrush may not cause any symptoms. But as the infection gets worse, one or more of the following symptoms may develop:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on your inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in your mouth
  • a cotton-like sensation in your mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of your mouth
  • difficulty swallowing
  • a bad taste in your mouth
  • a loss of taste

In some cases, oral thrush can affect your esophagus, though this is uncommon. The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections in other parts of your body. Learn more about the symptoms of oral thrush and other types of yeast infections.

Causes of oral thrush

Oral thrush and other yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans (C. albicans).

It?s normal for a small amount of C. albicans to live in your mouth, without causing harm. When your immune system is working properly, beneficial bacteria in your body help keep C. albicans under control.

But if your immune system is compromised or the balance of microorganisms in your body is disrupted, the fungus can grow out of control.

You may develop an overgrowth of C. albicans that causes oral thrush if you take certain medications that reduce the number of friendly microorganisms in your body, such as antibiotics.

Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also damage or kill healthy cells. This makes you more susceptible to oral thrush and other infections.

Conditions that weaken your immune system, such as leukemia and HIV, also increase the risk of developing oral thrush. Oral thrush is a common opportunistic infection in people with HIV.

Diabetes can contribute to oral thrush as well. Uncontrolled diabetes weakens your immune system and causes high blood sugar levels. This creates favorable conditions for C. albicans to grow.

Is oral thrush contagious?

If you have oral thrush, it?s possible to pass the fungus that causes this condition on to someone else if you kiss them. In some cases, that person might develop oral thrush.

The fungus that causes oral thrush also causes yeast infections in other body parts. It?s possible for you to pass the fungus from one part of your body to another part of someone else?s body.

If you have oral thrush, a vaginal yeast infection, or a penile yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your partner through vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex.

If you?re pregnant and you have a vaginal yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby during delivery.

If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can pass the fungus to your baby while breastfeeding. Your baby can also transmit the fungus to you if they breastfeed when they have oral thrush.

When C. albicans is passed from one person to another, it doesn?t always cause oral thrush or other types of yeast infection.

Also, because C. albicans is so common in our environment, developing a yeast infection does not mean you necessarily caught it from someone else. Learn about some of the factors that can raise your risk of developing an infection when someone passes this fungus to you.

Diagnosis of oral thrush

Your doctor may be able to diagnose oral thrush simply by examining your mouth for the characteristic bumps that it causes.

In some cases, your doctor may take a biopsy of the affected area to confirm the diagnosis. To perform a biopsy, they will scrape off a small portion of a bump from your mouth. The sample will then be sent to a laboratory to be tested for C. albicans.

If your doctor suspects that you have oral thrush in your esophagus, they may use a throat swab culture or endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis.

To perform a throat swab culture, your doctor uses a cotton swab to take a tissue sample from the back of your throat. They then send this sample to a laboratory for testing.

To perform endoscopy, your doctor uses a thin tube with a light and camera attached to it. They insert this ?endoscope? through your mouth and into your esophagus to examine it. They may also remove a sample of tissue for analysis.

Treatment for oral thrush

To treat oral thrush, your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medications:

  • fluconazole (Diflucan), an oral antifungal medication
  • clotrimazole (Mycelex Troche), an antifungal medication that?s available as a lozenge
  • nystatin (Nystop, Nyata), an antifungal mouthwash that you can swish in your mouth or swab in your baby?s mouth
  • itraconazole (Sporanox), an oral antifungal medication that?s used to treat people who don?t respond to other treatments for oral thrush and people with HIV
  • amphotericin B (AmBisome, Fungizone), a medication that?s used to treat severe cases of oral thrush

Once you begin treatment, oral thrush usually goes away within a couple of weeks. But in some cases, it can return.

For adults who have recurring cases of oral thrush with no known cause, their healthcare provider will evaluate them for underlying medical conditions that might be contributing to thrush.

Infants may have several episodes of oral thrush in their first year of life.

Home remedies for oral thrush

Your doctor might also recommend home remedies or lifestyle changes to help treat oral thrush or stop it from coming back.

When you?re recovering, it?s important to practice good oral hygiene. Here are a few tips:

  • Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the bumps caused by thrush.
  • Replace your toothbrush after you finish your treatment for oral thrush, and properly clean your dentures if you wear them, in order to lower your risk of reinfection.
  • Avoid mouthwashes or mouth sprays, unless your doctor has prescribed them.

Some home remedies may also help relieve symptoms of thrush in adults.

For example, it might help to rinse your mouth with one of the following:

  • saltwater
  • a solution of water and baking soda
  • a mixture of water and lemon juice
  • a mixture of water and apple cider vinegar

It might also help to eat yogurt that contains beneficial bacteria or take a probiotic supplement. Talk to a doctor before giving an infant any supplements. To learn more about these home remedies and others, click here.

Pictures of oral
thrush

Oral thrush and breastfeeding

The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections on your breasts and nipples.

This fungus can be passed back and forth between mothers and babies during breastfeeding.

If your baby has oral thrush, they can potentially pass the fungus to your breasts or other areas of skin. If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby?s mouth or skin.

Also, because yeast can live on the skin without causing an infection, your baby can develop oral thrush without you having any symptoms of a breast or nipple yeast infection.

If you develop a yeast infection on your breasts or nipples, you may experience:

  • pain in your breasts, during and after breastfeeding
  • itchiness or a burning sensation in or around your nipples
  • white or pale spots on or around your nipples
  • shiny skin on or around your nipples
  • flaking skin on or around your nipples

If your baby develops oral thrush or you develop a breast or nipple yeast infection, it?s important to get treatment for both you and your baby. This can help prevent a cycle of transmission.

Your healthcare provider may advise you to do the following:

  • Treat your baby with an antifungal medication and apply an antifungal cream, such as terbinafine (Lamisil) or clotrimazole (Lotrimin), to your breasts. Wipe the cream off your breasts before breastfeeding your baby to stop the cream from getting in their mouth.
  • Sterilize your baby?s pacifiers, teething rings, bottle nipples, and any other items they put in their mouth. If you use a breast pump, sterilize all of its pieces as well.
  • Keep your nipples clean and dry between feedings. If you use nursing pads, avoid those that have a plastic liner, which may trap moisture and create favorable conditions for fungus to grow.

Your doctor might also advise you to make lifestyle changes to help treat or prevent oral thrush and other types of yeast infection. Get more tips for managing the risk of yeast infection while breastfeeding.

Oral thrush in babies

Oral thrush most often affects infants and toddlers. Babies can potentially develop oral thrush after contracting the fungus from their mothers during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding or just from yeast that is naturally present in their environment.

If your baby has oral thrush, they may develop the same signs and symptoms that can affect other people with the condition, including:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on their inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in their mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of their mouth

Oral thrush in babies may also cause difficulty feeding and irritability or fussiness.

If you suspect that your baby might have oral thrush, make an appointment with their doctor. If your baby develops oral thrush while you?re breastfeeding them, both of you will need antifungal treatments. Find out why this is important for keeping you and your baby healthy.

Oral thrush in adults

Oral thrush is most common in babies and older adults, who tend to have weaker immune systems. But it can occur at any age.

Younger adults can develop oral thrush, especially if they have an impaired immune system. For example, adults are more likely to develop thrush if they have a history of certain medical conditions, medical treatments, or lifestyle habits that weaken their immune system.

In otherwise healthy adults, oral thrush is unlikely to cause serious problems. But if your immune system isn?t working well, the infection may spread to other parts of your body.

Risk factors for oral thrush

Babies, toddlers, and older adults are more likely than others to develop oral thrush. Certain medical conditions, medical treatments, and lifestyle factors can also increase your risk of thrush by weakening your immune system or disrupting the balance of microbes in your body.

For example, you may be at heightened risk of thrush if you:

  • have a condition that causes dry mouth
  • have diabetes, anemia, leukemia, or HIV
  • take antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressant drugs
  • receive treatments for cancer, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • smoke cigarettes
  • wear dentures

Complications of oral thrush

In people with healthy immune systems, oral thrush rarely causes complications. In severe cases, it may spread to your esophagus.

If your immune system is weakened, you?re more likely to develop complications from thrush. Without proper treatment, the fungus that causes thrush may enter your bloodstream and spread to your heart, brain, eyes, or other body parts. This is known as invasive or systemic candidiasis.

Systemic candidiasis can cause problems in the organs it affects. It can also cause a potentially life-threatening condition known as septic shock.

Prevention of oral thrush

To reduce your risk of oral thrush, try the following:

  • Eat a nutritious diet and practice an overall healthy lifestyle to support the functioning of your immune system.
  • Practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing every day, and visiting your dentist on a regular basis.
  • If your mouth is chronically dry, make an appointment with your doctor and follow their recommended treatment plan.
  • If you have dentures, remove them before you go to bed, clean them daily, and make sure they fit properly.
  • If you have a corticosteroid inhaler, rinse out your mouth or brush your teeth after using it.
  • If you have diabetes, take steps to manage your blood sugar levels.

If you develop a yeast infection in another part of your body, get treatment. In some cases, an infection can spread from one part of your body to another.

Oral thrush and diet

More research is needed to learn how diet may affect oral thrush.

Some studies suggest that eating certain probiotic foods or taking probiotic supplements might help limit the growth of C. albicans. However, more research is needed to learn about the role that probiotics might play in treating or preventing oral thrush.

Some people believe that limiting or avoiding certain foods may also help curb the growth of C. albicans. For example, some people have suggested that limiting refined carbohydrates and sugars can help treat or prevent oral thrush and other yeast infections.

The ?candida diet? has been developed based on these beliefs. However, this diet lacks scientific support. Get more information about what this diet entails and the limits of the scientific evidence supporting it.

Pancreatic Cysts: Symptoms, Types, Treatment, and Risk Factors
Oral thrush is an infection caused by the Candida albicans fungus. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or thrush. Learn about symptoms and risk factors. See pictures. Discover a variety of treatments, and find out how to prevent it.
oral thrush, oral thrush causes, oral thrush risk factors, oral thrush symptoms
Everything You Need to Know About Oral Thrush

Overview

Oral thrush happens when a yeast infection develops inside your mouth. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or simply thrush.

Oral thrush most often occurs in infants and toddlers. It causes white or yellowish bumps to form on the inner cheeks and tongue. Those bumps usually go away with treatment.

The infection is typically mild and rarely causes serious problems. But in people with weakened immune systems, it can spread to other parts of the body and cause potentially serious complications.

Symptoms of oral thrush

In its early stages, oral thrush may not cause any symptoms. But as the infection gets worse, one or more of the following symptoms may develop:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on your inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in your mouth
  • a cotton-like sensation in your mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of your mouth
  • difficulty swallowing
  • a bad taste in your mouth
  • a loss of taste

In some cases, oral thrush can affect your esophagus, though this is uncommon. The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections in other parts of your body. Learn more about the symptoms of oral thrush and other types of yeast infections.

Causes of oral thrush

Oral thrush and other yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans (C. albicans).

It?s normal for a small amount of C. albicans to live in your mouth, without causing harm. When your immune system is working properly, beneficial bacteria in your body help keep C. albicans under control.

But if your immune system is compromised or the balance of microorganisms in your body is disrupted, the fungus can grow out of control.

You may develop an overgrowth of C. albicans that causes oral thrush if you take certain medications that reduce the number of friendly microorganisms in your body, such as antibiotics.

Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also damage or kill healthy cells. This makes you more susceptible to oral thrush and other infections.

Conditions that weaken your immune system, such as leukemia and HIV, also increase the risk of developing oral thrush. Oral thrush is a common opportunistic infection in people with HIV.

Diabetes can contribute to oral thrush as well. Uncontrolled diabetes weakens your immune system and causes high blood sugar levels. This creates favorable conditions for C. albicans to grow.

Is oral thrush contagious?

If you have oral thrush, it?s possible to pass the fungus that causes this condition on to someone else if you kiss them. In some cases, that person might develop oral thrush.

The fungus that causes oral thrush also causes yeast infections in other body parts. It?s possible for you to pass the fungus from one part of your body to another part of someone else?s body.

If you have oral thrush, a vaginal yeast infection, or a penile yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your partner through vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex.

If you?re pregnant and you have a vaginal yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby during delivery.

If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can pass the fungus to your baby while breastfeeding. Your baby can also transmit the fungus to you if they breastfeed when they have oral thrush.

When C. albicans is passed from one person to another, it doesn?t always cause oral thrush or other types of yeast infection.

Also, because C. albicans is so common in our environment, developing a yeast infection does not mean you necessarily caught it from someone else. Learn about some of the factors that can raise your risk of developing an infection when someone passes this fungus to you.

Diagnosis of oral thrush

Your doctor may be able to diagnose oral thrush simply by examining your mouth for the characteristic bumps that it causes.

In some cases, your doctor may take a biopsy of the affected area to confirm the diagnosis. To perform a biopsy, they will scrape off a small portion of a bump from your mouth. The sample will then be sent to a laboratory to be tested for C. albicans.

If your doctor suspects that you have oral thrush in your esophagus, they may use a throat swab culture or endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis.

To perform a throat swab culture, your doctor uses a cotton swab to take a tissue sample from the back of your throat. They then send this sample to a laboratory for testing.

To perform endoscopy, your doctor uses a thin tube with a light and camera attached to it. They insert this ?endoscope? through your mouth and into your esophagus to examine it. They may also remove a sample of tissue for analysis.

Treatment for oral thrush

To treat oral thrush, your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medications:

  • fluconazole (Diflucan), an oral antifungal medication
  • clotrimazole (Mycelex Troche), an antifungal medication that?s available as a lozenge
  • nystatin (Nystop, Nyata), an antifungal mouthwash that you can swish in your mouth or swab in your baby?s mouth
  • itraconazole (Sporanox), an oral antifungal medication that?s used to treat people who don?t respond to other treatments for oral thrush and people with HIV
  • amphotericin B (AmBisome, Fungizone), a medication that?s used to treat severe cases of oral thrush

Once you begin treatment, oral thrush usually goes away within a couple of weeks. But in some cases, it can return.

For adults who have recurring cases of oral thrush with no known cause, their healthcare provider will evaluate them for underlying medical conditions that might be contributing to thrush.

Infants may have several episodes of oral thrush in their first year of life.

Home remedies for oral thrush

Your doctor might also recommend home remedies or lifestyle changes to help treat oral thrush or stop it from coming back.

When you?re recovering, it?s important to practice good oral hygiene. Here are a few tips:

  • Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the bumps caused by thrush.
  • Replace your toothbrush after you finish your treatment for oral thrush, and properly clean your dentures if you wear them, in order to lower your risk of reinfection.
  • Avoid mouthwashes or mouth sprays, unless your doctor has prescribed them.

Some home remedies may also help relieve symptoms of thrush in adults.

For example, it might help to rinse your mouth with one of the following:

  • saltwater
  • a solution of water and baking soda
  • a mixture of water and lemon juice
  • a mixture of water and apple cider vinegar

It might also help to eat yogurt that contains beneficial bacteria or take a probiotic supplement. Talk to a doctor before giving an infant any supplements. To learn more about these home remedies and others, click here.

Pictures of oral
thrush

Oral thrush and breastfeeding

The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections on your breasts and nipples.

This fungus can be passed back and forth between mothers and babies during breastfeeding.

If your baby has oral thrush, they can potentially pass the fungus to your breasts or other areas of skin. If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby?s mouth or skin.

Also, because yeast can live on the skin without causing an infection, your baby can develop oral thrush without you having any symptoms of a breast or nipple yeast infection.

If you develop a yeast infection on your breasts or nipples, you may experience:

  • pain in your breasts, during and after breastfeeding
  • itchiness or a burning sensation in or around your nipples
  • white or pale spots on or around your nipples
  • shiny skin on or around your nipples
  • flaking skin on or around your nipples

If your baby develops oral thrush or you develop a breast or nipple yeast infection, it?s important to get treatment for both you and your baby. This can help prevent a cycle of transmission.

Your healthcare provider may advise you to do the following:

  • Treat your baby with an antifungal medication and apply an antifungal cream, such as terbinafine (Lamisil) or clotrimazole (Lotrimin), to your breasts. Wipe the cream off your breasts before breastfeeding your baby to stop the cream from getting in their mouth.
  • Sterilize your baby?s pacifiers, teething rings, bottle nipples, and any other items they put in their mouth. If you use a breast pump, sterilize all of its pieces as well.
  • Keep your nipples clean and dry between feedings. If you use nursing pads, avoid those that have a plastic liner, which may trap moisture and create favorable conditions for fungus to grow.

Your doctor might also advise you to make lifestyle changes to help treat or prevent oral thrush and other types of yeast infection. Get more tips for managing the risk of yeast infection while breastfeeding.

Oral thrush in babies

Oral thrush most often affects infants and toddlers. Babies can potentially develop oral thrush after contracting the fungus from their mothers during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding or just from yeast that is naturally present in their environment.

If your baby has oral thrush, they may develop the same signs and symptoms that can affect other people with the condition, including:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on their inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in their mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of their mouth

Oral thrush in babies may also cause difficulty feeding and irritability or fussiness.

If you suspect that your baby might have oral thrush, make an appointment with their doctor. If your baby develops oral thrush while you?re breastfeeding them, both of you will need antifungal treatments. Find out why this is important for keeping you and your baby healthy.

Oral thrush in adults

Oral thrush is most common in babies and older adults, who tend to have weaker immune systems. But it can occur at any age.

Younger adults can develop oral thrush, especially if they have an impaired immune system. For example, adults are more likely to develop thrush if they have a history of certain medical conditions, medical treatments, or lifestyle habits that weaken their immune system.

In otherwise healthy adults, oral thrush is unlikely to cause serious problems. But if your immune system isn?t working well, the infection may spread to other parts of your body.

Risk factors for oral thrush

Babies, toddlers, and older adults are more likely than others to develop oral thrush. Certain medical conditions, medical treatments, and lifestyle factors can also increase your risk of thrush by weakening your immune system or disrupting the balance of microbes in your body.

For example, you may be at heightened risk of thrush if you:

  • have a condition that causes dry mouth
  • have diabetes, anemia, leukemia, or HIV
  • take antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressant drugs
  • receive treatments for cancer, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • smoke cigarettes
  • wear dentures

Complications of oral thrush

In people with healthy immune systems, oral thrush rarely causes complications. In severe cases, it may spread to your esophagus.

If your immune system is weakened, you?re more likely to develop complications from thrush. Without proper treatment, the fungus that causes thrush may enter your bloodstream and spread to your heart, brain, eyes, or other body parts. This is known as invasive or systemic candidiasis.

Systemic candidiasis can cause problems in the organs it affects. It can also cause a potentially life-threatening condition known as septic shock.

Prevention of oral thrush

To reduce your risk of oral thrush, try the following:

  • Eat a nutritious diet and practice an overall healthy lifestyle to support the functioning of your immune system.
  • Practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing every day, and visiting your dentist on a regular basis.
  • If your mouth is chronically dry, make an appointment with your doctor and follow their recommended treatment plan.
  • If you have dentures, remove them before you go to bed, clean them daily, and make sure they fit properly.
  • If you have a corticosteroid inhaler, rinse out your mouth or brush your teeth after using it.
  • If you have diabetes, take steps to manage your blood sugar levels.

If you develop a yeast infection in another part of your body, get treatment. In some cases, an infection can spread from one part of your body to another.

Oral thrush and diet

More research is needed to learn how diet may affect oral thrush.

Some studies suggest that eating certain probiotic foods or taking probiotic supplements might help limit the growth of C. albicans. However, more research is needed to learn about the role that probiotics might play in treating or preventing oral thrush.

Some people believe that limiting or avoiding certain foods may also help curb the growth of C. albicans. For example, some people have suggested that limiting refined carbohydrates and sugars can help treat or prevent oral thrush and other yeast infections.

The ?candida diet? has been developed based on these beliefs. However, this diet lacks scientific support. Get more information about what this diet entails and the limits of the scientific evidence supporting it.

Pancreatic Cysts: Symptoms, Types, Treatment, and Risk Factors
Oral thrush is an infection caused by the Candida albicans fungus. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or thrush. Learn about symptoms and risk factors. See pictures. Discover a variety of treatments, and find out how to prevent it.
oral thrush, oral thrush causes, oral thrush risk factors, oral thrush symptoms
Everything You Need to Know About Oral Thrush

Overview

Oral thrush happens when a yeast infection develops inside your mouth. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or simply thrush.

Oral thrush most often occurs in infants and toddlers. It causes white or yellowish bumps to form on the inner cheeks and tongue. Those bumps usually go away with treatment.

The infection is typically mild and rarely causes serious problems. But in people with weakened immune systems, it can spread to other parts of the body and cause potentially serious complications.

Symptoms of oral thrush

In its early stages, oral thrush may not cause any symptoms. But as the infection gets worse, one or more of the following symptoms may develop:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on your inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in your mouth
  • a cotton-like sensation in your mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of your mouth
  • difficulty swallowing
  • a bad taste in your mouth
  • a loss of taste

In some cases, oral thrush can affect your esophagus, though this is uncommon. The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections in other parts of your body. Learn more about the symptoms of oral thrush and other types of yeast infections.

Causes of oral thrush

Oral thrush and other yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans (C. albicans).

It?s normal for a small amount of C. albicans to live in your mouth, without causing harm. When your immune system is working properly, beneficial bacteria in your body help keep C. albicans under control.

But if your immune system is compromised or the balance of microorganisms in your body is disrupted, the fungus can grow out of control.

You may develop an overgrowth of C. albicans that causes oral thrush if you take certain medications that reduce the number of friendly microorganisms in your body, such as antibiotics.

Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also damage or kill healthy cells. This makes you more susceptible to oral thrush and other infections.

Conditions that weaken your immune system, such as leukemia and HIV, also increase the risk of developing oral thrush. Oral thrush is a common opportunistic infection in people with HIV.

Diabetes can contribute to oral thrush as well. Uncontrolled diabetes weakens your immune system and causes high blood sugar levels. This creates favorable conditions for C. albicans to grow.

Is oral thrush contagious?

If you have oral thrush, it?s possible to pass the fungus that causes this condition on to someone else if you kiss them. In some cases, that person might develop oral thrush.

The fungus that causes oral thrush also causes yeast infections in other body parts. It?s possible for you to pass the fungus from one part of your body to another part of someone else?s body.

If you have oral thrush, a vaginal yeast infection, or a penile yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your partner through vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex.

If you?re pregnant and you have a vaginal yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby during delivery.

If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can pass the fungus to your baby while breastfeeding. Your baby can also transmit the fungus to you if they breastfeed when they have oral thrush.

When C. albicans is passed from one person to another, it doesn?t always cause oral thrush or other types of yeast infection.

Also, because C. albicans is so common in our environment, developing a yeast infection does not mean you necessarily caught it from someone else. Learn about some of the factors that can raise your risk of developing an infection when someone passes this fungus to you.

Diagnosis of oral thrush

Your doctor may be able to diagnose oral thrush simply by examining your mouth for the characteristic bumps that it causes.

In some cases, your doctor may take a biopsy of the affected area to confirm the diagnosis. To perform a biopsy, they will scrape off a small portion of a bump from your mouth. The sample will then be sent to a laboratory to be tested for C. albicans.

If your doctor suspects that you have oral thrush in your esophagus, they may use a throat swab culture or endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis.

To perform a throat swab culture, your doctor uses a cotton swab to take a tissue sample from the back of your throat. They then send this sample to a laboratory for testing.

To perform endoscopy, your doctor uses a thin tube with a light and camera attached to it. They insert this ?endoscope? through your mouth and into your esophagus to examine it. They may also remove a sample of tissue for analysis.

Treatment for oral thrush

To treat oral thrush, your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medications:

  • fluconazole (Diflucan), an oral antifungal medication
  • clotrimazole (Mycelex Troche), an antifungal medication that?s available as a lozenge
  • nystatin (Nystop, Nyata), an antifungal mouthwash that you can swish in your mouth or swab in your baby?s mouth
  • itraconazole (Sporanox), an oral antifungal medication that?s used to treat people who don?t respond to other treatments for oral thrush and people with HIV
  • amphotericin B (AmBisome, Fungizone), a medication that?s used to treat severe cases of oral thrush

Once you begin treatment, oral thrush usually goes away within a couple of weeks. But in some cases, it can return.

For adults who have recurring cases of oral thrush with no known cause, their healthcare provider will evaluate them for underlying medical conditions that might be contributing to thrush.

Infants may have several episodes of oral thrush in their first year of life.

Home remedies for oral thrush

Your doctor might also recommend home remedies or lifestyle changes to help treat oral thrush or stop it from coming back.

When you?re recovering, it?s important to practice good oral hygiene. Here are a few tips:

  • Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the bumps caused by thrush.
  • Replace your toothbrush after you finish your treatment for oral thrush, and properly clean your dentures if you wear them, in order to lower your risk of reinfection.
  • Avoid mouthwashes or mouth sprays, unless your doctor has prescribed them.

Some home remedies may also help relieve symptoms of thrush in adults.

For example, it might help to rinse your mouth with one of the following:

  • saltwater
  • a solution of water and baking soda
  • a mixture of water and lemon juice
  • a mixture of water and apple cider vinegar

It might also help to eat yogurt that contains beneficial bacteria or take a probiotic supplement. Talk to a doctor before giving an infant any supplements. To learn more about these home remedies and others, click here.

Pictures of oral
thrush

Oral thrush and breastfeeding

The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections on your breasts and nipples.

This fungus can be passed back and forth between mothers and babies during breastfeeding.

If your baby has oral thrush, they can potentially pass the fungus to your breasts or other areas of skin. If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby?s mouth or skin.

Also, because yeast can live on the skin without causing an infection, your baby can develop oral thrush without you having any symptoms of a breast or nipple yeast infection.

If you develop a yeast infection on your breasts or nipples, you may experience:

  • pain in your breasts, during and after breastfeeding
  • itchiness or a burning sensation in or around your nipples
  • white or pale spots on or around your nipples
  • shiny skin on or around your nipples
  • flaking skin on or around your nipples

If your baby develops oral thrush or you develop a breast or nipple yeast infection, it?s important to get treatment for both you and your baby. This can help prevent a cycle of transmission.

Your healthcare provider may advise you to do the following:

  • Treat your baby with an antifungal medication and apply an antifungal cream, such as terbinafine (Lamisil) or clotrimazole (Lotrimin), to your breasts. Wipe the cream off your breasts before breastfeeding your baby to stop the cream from getting in their mouth.
  • Sterilize your baby?s pacifiers, teething rings, bottle nipples, and any other items they put in their mouth. If you use a breast pump, sterilize all of its pieces as well.
  • Keep your nipples clean and dry between feedings. If you use nursing pads, avoid those that have a plastic liner, which may trap moisture and create favorable conditions for fungus to grow.

Your doctor might also advise you to make lifestyle changes to help treat or prevent oral thrush and other types of yeast infection. Get more tips for managing the risk of yeast infection while breastfeeding.

Oral thrush in babies

Oral thrush most often affects infants and toddlers. Babies can potentially develop oral thrush after contracting the fungus from their mothers during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding or just from yeast that is naturally present in their environment.

If your baby has oral thrush, they may develop the same signs and symptoms that can affect other people with the condition, including:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on their inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in their mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of their mouth

Oral thrush in babies may also cause difficulty feeding and irritability or fussiness.

If you suspect that your baby might have oral thrush, make an appointment with their doctor. If your baby develops oral thrush while you?re breastfeeding them, both of you will need antifungal treatments. Find out why this is important for keeping you and your baby healthy.

Oral thrush in adults

Oral thrush is most common in babies and older adults, who tend to have weaker immune systems. But it can occur at any age.

Younger adults can develop oral thrush, especially if they have an impaired immune system. For example, adults are more likely to develop thrush if they have a history of certain medical conditions, medical treatments, or lifestyle habits that weaken their immune system.

In otherwise healthy adults, oral thrush is unlikely to cause serious problems. But if your immune system isn?t working well, the infection may spread to other parts of your body.

Risk factors for oral thrush

Babies, toddlers, and older adults are more likely than others to develop oral thrush. Certain medical conditions, medical treatments, and lifestyle factors can also increase your risk of thrush by weakening your immune system or disrupting the balance of microbes in your body.

For example, you may be at heightened risk of thrush if you:

  • have a condition that causes dry mouth
  • have diabetes, anemia, leukemia, or HIV
  • take antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressant drugs
  • receive treatments for cancer, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • smoke cigarettes
  • wear dentures

Complications of oral thrush

In people with healthy immune systems, oral thrush rarely causes complications. In severe cases, it may spread to your esophagus.

If your immune system is weakened, you?re more likely to develop complications from thrush. Without proper treatment, the fungus that causes thrush may enter your bloodstream and spread to your heart, brain, eyes, or other body parts. This is known as invasive or systemic candidiasis.

Systemic candidiasis can cause problems in the organs it affects. It can also cause a potentially life-threatening condition known as septic shock.

Prevention of oral thrush

To reduce your risk of oral thrush, try the following:

  • Eat a nutritious diet and practice an overall healthy lifestyle to support the functioning of your immune system.
  • Practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing every day, and visiting your dentist on a regular basis.
  • If your mouth is chronically dry, make an appointment with your doctor and follow their recommended treatment plan.
  • If you have dentures, remove them before you go to bed, clean them daily, and make sure they fit properly.
  • If you have a corticosteroid inhaler, rinse out your mouth or brush your teeth after using it.
  • If you have diabetes, take steps to manage your blood sugar levels.

If you develop a yeast infection in another part of your body, get treatment. In some cases, an infection can spread from one part of your body to another.

Oral thrush and diet

More research is needed to learn how diet may affect oral thrush.

Some studies suggest that eating certain probiotic foods or taking probiotic supplements might help limit the growth of C. albicans. However, more research is needed to learn about the role that probiotics might play in treating or preventing oral thrush.

Some people believe that limiting or avoiding certain foods may also help curb the growth of C. albicans. For example, some people have suggested that limiting refined carbohydrates and sugars can help treat or prevent oral thrush and other yeast infections.

The ?candida diet? has been developed based on these beliefs. However, this diet lacks scientific support. Get more information about what this diet entails and the limits of the scientific evidence supporting it.

Oral Thrush: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and More
Oral thrush is an infection caused by the Candida albicans fungus. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or thrush. Learn about symptoms and risk factors. See pictures. Discover a variety of treatments, and find out how to prevent it.
oral thrush, oral thrush causes, oral thrush risk factors, oral thrush symptoms
Everything You Need to Know About Oral Thrush

Overview

Oral thrush happens when a yeast infection develops inside your mouth. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or simply thrush.

Oral thrush most often occurs in infants and toddlers. It causes white or yellowish bumps to form on the inner cheeks and tongue. Those bumps usually go away with treatment.

The infection is typically mild and rarely causes serious problems. But in people with weakened immune systems, it can spread to other parts of the body and cause potentially serious complications.

Symptoms of oral thrush

In its early stages, oral thrush may not cause any symptoms. But as the infection gets worse, one or more of the following symptoms may develop:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on your inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in your mouth
  • a cotton-like sensation in your mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of your mouth
  • difficulty swallowing
  • a bad taste in your mouth
  • a loss of taste

In some cases, oral thrush can affect your esophagus, though this is uncommon. The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections in other parts of your body. Learn more about the symptoms of oral thrush and other types of yeast infections.

Causes of oral thrush

Oral thrush and other yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans (C. albicans).

It?s normal for a small amount of C. albicans to live in your mouth, without causing harm. When your immune system is working properly, beneficial bacteria in your body help keep C. albicans under control.

But if your immune system is compromised or the balance of microorganisms in your body is disrupted, the fungus can grow out of control.

You may develop an overgrowth of C. albicans that causes oral thrush if you take certain medications that reduce the number of friendly microorganisms in your body, such as antibiotics.

Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also damage or kill healthy cells. This makes you more susceptible to oral thrush and other infections.

Conditions that weaken your immune system, such as leukemia and HIV, also increase the risk of developing oral thrush. Oral thrush is a common opportunistic infection in people with HIV.

Diabetes can contribute to oral thrush as well. Uncontrolled diabetes weakens your immune system and causes high blood sugar levels. This creates favorable conditions for C. albicans to grow.

Is oral thrush contagious?

If you have oral thrush, it?s possible to pass the fungus that causes this condition on to someone else if you kiss them. In some cases, that person might develop oral thrush.

The fungus that causes oral thrush also causes yeast infections in other body parts. It?s possible for you to pass the fungus from one part of your body to another part of someone else?s body.

If you have oral thrush, a vaginal yeast infection, or a penile yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your partner through vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex.

If you?re pregnant and you have a vaginal yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby during delivery.

If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can pass the fungus to your baby while breastfeeding. Your baby can also transmit the fungus to you if they breastfeed when they have oral thrush.

When C. albicans is passed from one person to another, it doesn?t always cause oral thrush or other types of yeast infection.

Also, because C. albicans is so common in our environment, developing a yeast infection does not mean you necessarily caught it from someone else. Learn about some of the factors that can raise your risk of developing an infection when someone passes this fungus to you.

Diagnosis of oral thrush

Your doctor may be able to diagnose oral thrush simply by examining your mouth for the characteristic bumps that it causes.

In some cases, your doctor may take a biopsy of the affected area to confirm the diagnosis. To perform a biopsy, they will scrape off a small portion of a bump from your mouth. The sample will then be sent to a laboratory to be tested for C. albicans.

If your doctor suspects that you have oral thrush in your esophagus, they may use a throat swab culture or endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis.

To perform a throat swab culture, your doctor uses a cotton swab to take a tissue sample from the back of your throat. They then send this sample to a laboratory for testing.

To perform endoscopy, your doctor uses a thin tube with a light and camera attached to it. They insert this ?endoscope? through your mouth and into your esophagus to examine it. They may also remove a sample of tissue for analysis.

Treatment for oral thrush

To treat oral thrush, your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medications:

  • fluconazole (Diflucan), an oral antifungal medication
  • clotrimazole (Mycelex Troche), an antifungal medication that?s available as a lozenge
  • nystatin (Nystop, Nyata), an antifungal mouthwash that you can swish in your mouth or swab in your baby?s mouth
  • itraconazole (Sporanox), an oral antifungal medication that?s used to treat people who don?t respond to other treatments for oral thrush and people with HIV
  • amphotericin B (AmBisome, Fungizone), a medication that?s used to treat severe cases of oral thrush

Once you begin treatment, oral thrush usually goes away within a couple of weeks. But in some cases, it can return.

For adults who have recurring cases of oral thrush with no known cause, their healthcare provider will evaluate them for underlying medical conditions that might be contributing to thrush.

Infants may have several episodes of oral thrush in their first year of life.

Home remedies for oral thrush

Your doctor might also recommend home remedies or lifestyle changes to help treat oral thrush or stop it from coming back.

When you?re recovering, it?s important to practice good oral hygiene. Here are a few tips:

  • Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the bumps caused by thrush.
  • Replace your toothbrush after you finish your treatment for oral thrush, and properly clean your dentures if you wear them, in order to lower your risk of reinfection.
  • Avoid mouthwashes or mouth sprays, unless your doctor has prescribed them.

Some home remedies may also help relieve symptoms of thrush in adults.

For example, it might help to rinse your mouth with one of the following:

  • saltwater
  • a solution of water and baking soda
  • a mixture of water and lemon juice
  • a mixture of water and apple cider vinegar

It might also help to eat yogurt that contains beneficial bacteria or take a probiotic supplement. Talk to a doctor before giving an infant any supplements. To learn more about these home remedies and others, click here.

Pictures of oral
thrush

Oral thrush and breastfeeding

The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections on your breasts and nipples.

This fungus can be passed back and forth between mothers and babies during breastfeeding.

If your baby has oral thrush, they can potentially pass the fungus to your breasts or other areas of skin. If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby?s mouth or skin.

Also, because yeast can live on the skin without causing an infection, your baby can develop oral thrush without you having any symptoms of a breast or nipple yeast infection.

If you develop a yeast infection on your breasts or nipples, you may experience:

  • pain in your breasts, during and after breastfeeding
  • itchiness or a burning sensation in or around your nipples
  • white or pale spots on or around your nipples
  • shiny skin on or around your nipples
  • flaking skin on or around your nipples

If your baby develops oral thrush or you develop a breast or nipple yeast infection, it?s important to get treatment for both you and your baby. This can help prevent a cycle of transmission.

Your healthcare provider may advise you to do the following:

  • Treat your baby with an antifungal medication and apply an antifungal cream, such as terbinafine (Lamisil) or clotrimazole (Lotrimin), to your breasts. Wipe the cream off your breasts before breastfeeding your baby to stop the cream from getting in their mouth.
  • Sterilize your baby?s pacifiers, teething rings, bottle nipples, and any other items they put in their mouth. If you use a breast pump, sterilize all of its pieces as well.
  • Keep your nipples clean and dry between feedings. If you use nursing pads, avoid those that have a plastic liner, which may trap moisture and create favorable conditions for fungus to grow.

Your doctor might also advise you to make lifestyle changes to help treat or prevent oral thrush and other types of yeast infection. Get more tips for managing the risk of yeast infection while breastfeeding.

Oral thrush in babies

Oral thrush most often affects infants and toddlers. Babies can potentially develop oral thrush after contracting the fungus from their mothers during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding or just from yeast that is naturally present in their environment.

If your baby has oral thrush, they may develop the same signs and symptoms that can affect other people with the condition, including:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on their inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in their mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of their mouth

Oral thrush in babies may also cause difficulty feeding and irritability or fussiness.

If you suspect that your baby might have oral thrush, make an appointment with their doctor. If your baby develops oral thrush while you?re breastfeeding them, both of you will need antifungal treatments. Find out why this is important for keeping you and your baby healthy.

Oral thrush in adults

Oral thrush is most common in babies and older adults, who tend to have weaker immune systems. But it can occur at any age.

Younger adults can develop oral thrush, especially if they have an impaired immune system. For example, adults are more likely to develop thrush if they have a history of certain medical conditions, medical treatments, or lifestyle habits that weaken their immune system.

In otherwise healthy adults, oral thrush is unlikely to cause serious problems. But if your immune system isn?t working well, the infection may spread to other parts of your body.

Risk factors for oral thrush

Babies, toddlers, and older adults are more likely than others to develop oral thrush. Certain medical conditions, medical treatments, and lifestyle factors can also increase your risk of thrush by weakening your immune system or disrupting the balance of microbes in your body.

For example, you may be at heightened risk of thrush if you:

  • have a condition that causes dry mouth
  • have diabetes, anemia, leukemia, or HIV
  • take antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressant drugs
  • receive treatments for cancer, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • smoke cigarettes
  • wear dentures

Complications of oral thrush

In people with healthy immune systems, oral thrush rarely causes complications. In severe cases, it may spread to your esophagus.

If your immune system is weakened, you?re more likely to develop complications from thrush. Without proper treatment, the fungus that causes thrush may enter your bloodstream and spread to your heart, brain, eyes, or other body parts. This is known as invasive or systemic candidiasis.

Systemic candidiasis can cause problems in the organs it affects. It can also cause a potentially life-threatening condition known as septic shock.

Prevention of oral thrush

To reduce your risk of oral thrush, try the following:

  • Eat a nutritious diet and practice an overall healthy lifestyle to support the functioning of your immune system.
  • Practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing every day, and visiting your dentist on a regular basis.
  • If your mouth is chronically dry, make an appointment with your doctor and follow their recommended treatment plan.
  • If you have dentures, remove them before you go to bed, clean them daily, and make sure they fit properly.
  • If you have a corticosteroid inhaler, rinse out your mouth or brush your teeth after using it.
  • If you have diabetes, take steps to manage your blood sugar levels.

If you develop a yeast infection in another part of your body, get treatment. In some cases, an infection can spread from one part of your body to another.

Oral thrush and diet

More research is needed to learn how diet may affect oral thrush.

Some studies suggest that eating certain probiotic foods or taking probiotic supplements might help limit the growth of C. albicans. However, more research is needed to learn about the role that probiotics might play in treating or preventing oral thrush.

Some people believe that limiting or avoiding certain foods may also help curb the growth of C. albicans. For example, some people have suggested that limiting refined carbohydrates and sugars can help treat or prevent oral thrush and other yeast infections.

The ?candida diet? has been developed based on these beliefs. However, this diet lacks scientific support. Get more information about what this diet entails and the limits of the scientific evidence supporting it.

Oral Thrush: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and More
Oral thrush is an infection caused by the Candida albicans fungus. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or thrush. Learn about symptoms and risk factors. See pictures. Discover a variety of treatments, and find out how to prevent it.
oral thrush, oral thrush causes, oral thrush risk factors, oral thrush symptoms
Everything You Need to Know About Oral Thrush

Overview

Oral thrush happens when a yeast infection develops inside your mouth. It?s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or simply thrush.

Oral thrush most often occurs in infants and toddlers. It causes white or yellowish bumps to form on the inner cheeks and tongue. Those bumps usually go away with treatment.

The infection is typically mild and rarely causes serious problems. But in people with weakened immune systems, it can spread to other parts of the body and cause potentially serious complications.

Symptoms of oral thrush

In its early stages, oral thrush may not cause any symptoms. But as the infection gets worse, one or more of the following symptoms may develop:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on your inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in your mouth
  • a cotton-like sensation in your mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of your mouth
  • difficulty swallowing
  • a bad taste in your mouth
  • a loss of taste

In some cases, oral thrush can affect your esophagus, though this is uncommon. The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections in other parts of your body. Learn more about the symptoms of oral thrush and other types of yeast infections.

Causes of oral thrush

Oral thrush and other yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans (C. albicans).

It?s normal for a small amount of C. albicans to live in your mouth, without causing harm. When your immune system is working properly, beneficial bacteria in your body help keep C. albicans under control.

But if your immune system is compromised or the balance of microorganisms in your body is disrupted, the fungus can grow out of control.

You may develop an overgrowth of C. albicans that causes oral thrush if you take certain medications that reduce the number of friendly microorganisms in your body, such as antibiotics.

Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also damage or kill healthy cells. This makes you more susceptible to oral thrush and other infections.

Conditions that weaken your immune system, such as leukemia and HIV, also increase the risk of developing oral thrush. Oral thrush is a common opportunistic infection in people with HIV.

Diabetes can contribute to oral thrush as well. Uncontrolled diabetes weakens your immune system and causes high blood sugar levels. This creates favorable conditions for C. albicans to grow.

Is oral thrush contagious?

If you have oral thrush, it?s possible to pass the fungus that causes this condition on to someone else if you kiss them. In some cases, that person might develop oral thrush.

The fungus that causes oral thrush also causes yeast infections in other body parts. It?s possible for you to pass the fungus from one part of your body to another part of someone else?s body.

If you have oral thrush, a vaginal yeast infection, or a penile yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your partner through vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex.

If you?re pregnant and you have a vaginal yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby during delivery.

If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can pass the fungus to your baby while breastfeeding. Your baby can also transmit the fungus to you if they breastfeed when they have oral thrush.

When C. albicans is passed from one person to another, it doesn?t always cause oral thrush or other types of yeast infection.

Also, because C. albicans is so common in our environment, developing a yeast infection does not mean you necessarily caught it from someone else. Learn about some of the factors that can raise your risk of developing an infection when someone passes this fungus to you.

Diagnosis of oral thrush

Your doctor may be able to diagnose oral thrush simply by examining your mouth for the characteristic bumps that it causes.

In some cases, your doctor may take a biopsy of the affected area to confirm the diagnosis. To perform a biopsy, they will scrape off a small portion of a bump from your mouth. The sample will then be sent to a laboratory to be tested for C. albicans.

If your doctor suspects that you have oral thrush in your esophagus, they may use a throat swab culture or endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis.

To perform a throat swab culture, your doctor uses a cotton swab to take a tissue sample from the back of your throat. They then send this sample to a laboratory for testing.

To perform endoscopy, your doctor uses a thin tube with a light and camera attached to it. They insert this ?endoscope? through your mouth and into your esophagus to examine it. They may also remove a sample of tissue for analysis.

Treatment for oral thrush

To treat oral thrush, your doctor may prescribe one or more of the following medications:

  • fluconazole (Diflucan), an oral antifungal medication
  • clotrimazole (Mycelex Troche), an antifungal medication that?s available as a lozenge
  • nystatin (Nystop, Nyata), an antifungal mouthwash that you can swish in your mouth or swab in your baby?s mouth
  • itraconazole (Sporanox), an oral antifungal medication that?s used to treat people who don?t respond to other treatments for oral thrush and people with HIV
  • amphotericin B (AmBisome, Fungizone), a medication that?s used to treat severe cases of oral thrush

Once you begin treatment, oral thrush usually goes away within a couple of weeks. But in some cases, it can return.

For adults who have recurring cases of oral thrush with no known cause, their healthcare provider will evaluate them for underlying medical conditions that might be contributing to thrush.

Infants may have several episodes of oral thrush in their first year of life.

Home remedies for oral thrush

Your doctor might also recommend home remedies or lifestyle changes to help treat oral thrush or stop it from coming back.

When you?re recovering, it?s important to practice good oral hygiene. Here are a few tips:

  • Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the bumps caused by thrush.
  • Replace your toothbrush after you finish your treatment for oral thrush, and properly clean your dentures if you wear them, in order to lower your risk of reinfection.
  • Avoid mouthwashes or mouth sprays, unless your doctor has prescribed them.

Some home remedies may also help relieve symptoms of thrush in adults.

For example, it might help to rinse your mouth with one of the following:

  • saltwater
  • a solution of water and baking soda
  • a mixture of water and lemon juice
  • a mixture of water and apple cider vinegar

It might also help to eat yogurt that contains beneficial bacteria or take a probiotic supplement. Talk to a doctor before giving an infant any supplements. To learn more about these home remedies and others, click here.

Pictures of oral
thrush

Oral thrush and breastfeeding

The same fungus that causes oral thrush can also cause yeast infections on your breasts and nipples.

This fungus can be passed back and forth between mothers and babies during breastfeeding.

If your baby has oral thrush, they can potentially pass the fungus to your breasts or other areas of skin. If you have a breast yeast infection or nipple yeast infection, you can potentially pass the fungus to your baby?s mouth or skin.

Also, because yeast can live on the skin without causing an infection, your baby can develop oral thrush without you having any symptoms of a breast or nipple yeast infection.

If you develop a yeast infection on your breasts or nipples, you may experience:

  • pain in your breasts, during and after breastfeeding
  • itchiness or a burning sensation in or around your nipples
  • white or pale spots on or around your nipples
  • shiny skin on or around your nipples
  • flaking skin on or around your nipples

If your baby develops oral thrush or you develop a breast or nipple yeast infection, it?s important to get treatment for both you and your baby. This can help prevent a cycle of transmission.

Your healthcare provider may advise you to do the following:

  • Treat your baby with an antifungal medication and apply an antifungal cream, such as terbinafine (Lamisil) or clotrimazole (Lotrimin), to your breasts. Wipe the cream off your breasts before breastfeeding your baby to stop the cream from getting in their mouth.
  • Sterilize your baby?s pacifiers, teething rings, bottle nipples, and any other items they put in their mouth. If you use a breast pump, sterilize all of its pieces as well.
  • Keep your nipples clean and dry between feedings. If you use nursing pads, avoid those that have a plastic liner, which may trap moisture and create favorable conditions for fungus to grow.

Your doctor might also advise you to make lifestyle changes to help treat or prevent oral thrush and other types of yeast infection. Get more tips for managing the risk of yeast infection while breastfeeding.

Oral thrush in babies

Oral thrush most often affects infants and toddlers. Babies can potentially develop oral thrush after contracting the fungus from their mothers during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding or just from yeast that is naturally present in their environment.

If your baby has oral thrush, they may develop the same signs and symptoms that can affect other people with the condition, including:

  • white or yellow patches of bumps on their inner cheeks, tongue, tonsils, gums, or lips
  • slight bleeding if the bumps are scraped
  • soreness or burning in their mouth
  • dry, cracked skin at the corners of their mouth

Oral thrush in babies may also cause difficulty feeding and irritability or fussiness.

If you suspect that your baby might have oral thrush, make an appointment with their doctor. If your baby develops oral thrush while you?re breastfeeding them, both of you will need antifungal treatments. Find out why this is important for keeping you and your baby healthy.

Oral thrush in adults

Oral thrush is most common in babies and older adults, who tend to have weaker immune systems. But it can occur at any age.

Younger adults can develop oral thrush, especially if they have an impaired immune system. For example, adults are more likely to develop thrush if they have a history of certain medical conditions, medical treatments, or lifestyle habits that weaken their immune system.

In otherwise healthy adults, oral thrush is unlikely to cause serious problems. But if your immune system isn?t working well, the infection may spread to other parts of your body.

Risk factors for oral thrush

Babies, toddlers, and older adults are more likely than others to develop oral thrush. Certain medical conditions, medical treatments, and lifestyle factors can also increase your risk of thrush by weakening your immune system or disrupting the balance of microbes in your body.

For example, you may be at heightened risk of thrush if you:

  • have a condition that causes dry mouth
  • have diabetes, anemia, leukemia, or HIV
  • take antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressant drugs
  • receive treatments for cancer, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • smoke cigarettes
  • wear dentures

Complications of oral thrush

In people with healthy immune systems, oral thrush rarely causes complications. In severe cases, it may spread to your esophagus.

If your immune system is weakened, you?re more likely to develop complications from thrush. Without proper treatment, the fungus that causes thrush may enter your bloodstream and spread to your heart, brain, eyes, or other body parts. This is known as invasive or systemic candidiasis.

Systemic candidiasis can cause problems in the organs it affects. It can also cause a potentially life-threatening condition known as septic shock.

Prevention of oral thrush

To reduce your risk of oral thrush, try the following:

  • Eat a nutritious diet and practice an overall healthy lifestyle to support the functioning of your immune system.
  • Practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing every day, and visiting your dentist on a regular basis.
  • If your mouth is chronically dry, make an appointment with your doctor and follow their recommended treatment plan.
  • If you have dentures, remove them before you go to bed, clean them daily, and make sure they fit properly.
  • If you have a corticosteroid inhaler, rinse out your mouth or brush your teeth after using it.
  • If you have diabetes, take steps to manage your blood sugar levels.

If you develop a yeast infection in another part of your body, get treatment. In some cases, an infection can spread from one part of your body to another.

Oral thrush and diet

More research is needed to learn how diet may affect oral thrush.

Some studies suggest that eating certain probiotic foods or taking probiotic supplements might help limit the growth of C. albicans. However, more research is needed to learn about the role that probiotics might play in treating or preventing oral thrush.

Some people believe that limiting or avoiding certain foods may also help curb the growth of C. albicans. For example, some people have suggested that limiting refined carbohydrates and sugars can help treat or prevent oral thrush and other yeast infections.

The ?candida diet? has been developed based on these beliefs. However, this diet lacks scientific support. Get more information about what this diet entails and the limits of the scientific evidence supporting it.

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